The Oss-Noord Project

The Second Decade of Excavations at Oss 1986-1996

Harry Fokkens, Stijn van As, Richard Jansen | 2019

The Oss-Noord Project

The Second Decade of Excavations at Oss 1986-1996

Harry Fokkens, Stijn van As, Richard Jansen | 2019

ISBN: 9789088907494

Imprint: Sidestone Press | Format: 210x265mm | 424 pp. | Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia 48 | Series: Analecta | Language: English | 285 illus. (fc) | Keywords: settlement archaeology; Bronze Age; Iron Age; Roman Period; Dutch prehistory; household archaeology | download cover

After the first decade of large scale settlement research at Oss-Ussen (1974-1984), a second and a third decade followed (1986-2008). The present book is a report on the second decade of settlement excavations, all carried out under supervision of the first author. Started with a focus on the Bronze Age, the project developed into a large scale research of Iron Age and Roman Period settlements and cemeteries over a total area of about 13 ha. The ten campaigns of fieldwork functioned also as the fieldschool of the Faculty of Archaeology of Leiden University, so many of the archaeologists in Dutch Archaeology used their shovels and trowels for the first time in Oss. Due to its narrative style the book is not only meant for professional archaeologists but for everyone interested in Metal Ages and Roman Period in general and the local history of Oss specifically.

The book is divided in two parts. Part 1 describes the results of the excavations in a personal account of how research goals developed in relation to ever changing theoretical and practical circumstances. It presents a synthesis of different study areas with a focus on how the past may have influenced new phases of settlement. In this synthesis also the fieldwork of the first decade and to some extent the third decade of excavations at Oss (Horzak) are taken into account.

Part 2 describes the primary data of the 1986-1995 excavations on which the analyses are based. Due to these mass of data, we have restricted ourselves to a (large) selection of features and structures that yielded information for the synthesis in part 1.

Preface

PART 1: Analysis

Chapter 1: Introduction to the project
1.1 Introduction
1.2 The genesis of the Maaskant
1.3 History of the Oss-North Project: continuity and change
1.4 Aims of the project
1.5 Research questions
1.6 Structure of the book: a narrative approach

Chapter 2: Methods and methodology
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Field campaigns
2.3 Staff and students
2.4 Field methods and finds registration
2.5 Documentation and description

Chapter 3: Chronology and typology of structures
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Houses
3.3 Outbuildings and granaries
3.4 Wells and watering holes
3.5 Ditches
3.6 Fences
3.7 Finds

Chapter 4: Excavations in the Mikkeldonk district
4.1 Introduction
4.2 History of reseach
4.3 Episodes of settlement in the Mikkeldonk quarter

Chapter 5: Excavations in the Schalkskamp district (1990 – 1992)
5.1 Short history of research
5.2 Pits and wells of the Early Bronze Age – Middle Bronze Age: the first signs of habitation in the Schalkskamp area
5.3 Late Bronze Age – Early Iron Age
5.4 The Middle Iron Age
5.5 Late Iron Age settlement: abandonment or disaster?
5.6 The transition from the Iron Age to the Early Roman Period
5.7 The Early Roman Period
5.8 The Late Middle Ages re-use the old settlement area
5.9 An anecdote about the early Modern Period

Chapter 6: Excavations in the Mettegeupel district (1993-1995)
6.1 Background
6.2 Diachronic development of the cultural landscape

Chapter 7: Excavations in the Almstein district (1995)
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Three granaries from the Early or Middle Iron Age
7.3 A settlement of the Middle to the Late Iron Age
7.4 The Roman Period
7.5 The Middle Ages and Modern Period

Chapter 8: Vegetation and crops in Oss-North
8.1 Oss-North and the vegetation on the yards of its Bronze, Iron Age and Early Roman Age farms
8.2 The crops of the Oss-North farmers during the Bronze Age and Iron Age

Chapter 9: The animal bones of Mettegeupel, Mikkeldonk and Schalkskamp
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Methods
9.3 Preservation
9.4 General results
9.5 Results per site
9.6 Discussion

Chapter 10: Glass, metal, stone, clay and wooden objects from Oss-Noord
10.1 Introduction
10.2 The La Tène glass jewellery from Oss-Noord
10.3 Metal and metal production remains
10.4 Sling bullets
10.5 Stone and flint objects
10.6 Loom weights and spindle whorls

Chapter 11: Oss-North: the second decade of excavations at Oss; a synthesis
11.1 Objectives
11.2 Settlement dynamics
11.3 Themes of supra-local interest

PART 2: Description

Chapter 12: Introduction to the catalogue
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Structure of the data presentation
12.3 Descriptive elements
12.4 Note on MapInfo as a publication tool
12.5 Note on drawings and technicians
12.6 Note on numbering
12.7 Structure of the catalogue

Chapter 13: Features in the Mikkeldonk quarter
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Houses
13.3 Granaries and outbuildings
13.4 Pits and wells
13.5 Fences, ditches and cart-tracks
13.6 Funerary Structures

Chapter 14: Features in the Schalkskamp quarter
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Houses
14.3 Outbuildings
14.4 Pits and wells
14.5 Ditches and fences
14.6 Funerary structures

Chapter 15: Features in the Mettegeupel quarter
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Houses
15.3 Granaries and outbuildings
15.4 Pits and wells
15.5 Ditches and palisades
15.6 Funerary structures

Chapter 16: Features in the Almstein quarter
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Houses
16.3 Granaries
16.4 Ditches and palisades

Prof. dr. Harry Fokkens

Harry Fokkens studied Human Geography at the Free University in Amsterdam and Prehistoric Archaeology at the State University Groningen. For more than twenty years he excavated Bronze and Iron Age settlements and cemeteries around the town of Oss (Netherlands). This research formed the basis for many articles about Bronze Age cultural landscapes, including settlements and barrow cemeteries.

read more

Stijn van As MA

Stijn van As became involved in the Oss research projects during his early study years. He graduated in Prehistoric Archaeology at Leiden University in early 2010. He worked in commercial archaeology for several years as a field archaeologist (2010-2012) and became a member of the Faculty in late 2012 with the task of producing the catalogue of the Oss-North campaigns.

read more

Drs. Richard Jansen

Richard Jansen is fulltime lecturer in Applied Archaeology and European Prehistory at the Faculty of Archaeology, University of Leiden. Between 2008 and 2018 he also was the municipal-archaeologist of Oss. His (PhD-)research focuses on the long-term structuring of the (settlement) landscape from the late prehistory until the Roman Period, especially on the extensively researched sandy soils of Oss, but also within the larger MSD-region.

read more

Abstract:

After the first decade of large scale settlement research at Oss-Ussen (1974-1984), a second and a third decade followed (1986-2008). The present book is a report on the second decade of settlement excavations, all carried out under supervision of the first author. Started with a focus on the Bronze Age, the project developed into a large scale research of Iron Age and Roman Period settlements and cemeteries over a total area of about 13 ha. The ten campaigns of fieldwork functioned also as the fieldschool of the Faculty of Archaeology of Leiden University, so many of the archaeologists in Dutch Archaeology used their shovels and trowels for the first time in Oss. Due to its narrative style the book is not only meant for professional archaeologists but for everyone interested in Metal Ages and Roman Period in general and the local history of Oss specifically.

The book is divided in two parts. Part 1 describes the results of the excavations in a personal account of how research goals developed in relation to ever changing theoretical and practical circumstances. It presents a synthesis of different study areas with a focus on how the past may have influenced new phases of settlement. In this synthesis also the fieldwork of the first decade and to some extent the third decade of excavations at Oss (Horzak) are taken into account.

Part 2 describes the primary data of the 1986-1995 excavations on which the analyses are based. Due to these mass of data, we have restricted ourselves to a (large) selection of features and structures that yielded information for the synthesis in part 1.

Contents

Preface

PART 1: Analysis

Chapter 1: Introduction to the project
1.1 Introduction
1.2 The genesis of the Maaskant
1.3 History of the Oss-North Project: continuity and change
1.4 Aims of the project
1.5 Research questions
1.6 Structure of the book: a narrative approach

Chapter 2: Methods and methodology
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Field campaigns
2.3 Staff and students
2.4 Field methods and finds registration
2.5 Documentation and description

Chapter 3: Chronology and typology of structures
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Houses
3.3 Outbuildings and granaries
3.4 Wells and watering holes
3.5 Ditches
3.6 Fences
3.7 Finds

Chapter 4: Excavations in the Mikkeldonk district
4.1 Introduction
4.2 History of reseach
4.3 Episodes of settlement in the Mikkeldonk quarter

Chapter 5: Excavations in the Schalkskamp district (1990 – 1992)
5.1 Short history of research
5.2 Pits and wells of the Early Bronze Age – Middle Bronze Age: the first signs of habitation in the Schalkskamp area
5.3 Late Bronze Age – Early Iron Age
5.4 The Middle Iron Age
5.5 Late Iron Age settlement: abandonment or disaster?
5.6 The transition from the Iron Age to the Early Roman Period
5.7 The Early Roman Period
5.8 The Late Middle Ages re-use the old settlement area
5.9 An anecdote about the early Modern Period

Chapter 6: Excavations in the Mettegeupel district (1993-1995)
6.1 Background
6.2 Diachronic development of the cultural landscape

Chapter 7: Excavations in the Almstein district (1995)
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Three granaries from the Early or Middle Iron Age
7.3 A settlement of the Middle to the Late Iron Age
7.4 The Roman Period
7.5 The Middle Ages and Modern Period

Chapter 8: Vegetation and crops in Oss-North
8.1 Oss-North and the vegetation on the yards of its Bronze, Iron Age and Early Roman Age farms
8.2 The crops of the Oss-North farmers during the Bronze Age and Iron Age

Chapter 9: The animal bones of Mettegeupel, Mikkeldonk and Schalkskamp
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Methods
9.3 Preservation
9.4 General results
9.5 Results per site
9.6 Discussion

Chapter 10: Glass, metal, stone, clay and wooden objects from Oss-Noord
10.1 Introduction
10.2 The La Tène glass jewellery from Oss-Noord
10.3 Metal and metal production remains
10.4 Sling bullets
10.5 Stone and flint objects
10.6 Loom weights and spindle whorls

Chapter 11: Oss-North: the second decade of excavations at Oss; a synthesis
11.1 Objectives
11.2 Settlement dynamics
11.3 Themes of supra-local interest

PART 2: Description

Chapter 12: Introduction to the catalogue
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Structure of the data presentation
12.3 Descriptive elements
12.4 Note on MapInfo as a publication tool
12.5 Note on drawings and technicians
12.6 Note on numbering
12.7 Structure of the catalogue

Chapter 13: Features in the Mikkeldonk quarter
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Houses
13.3 Granaries and outbuildings
13.4 Pits and wells
13.5 Fences, ditches and cart-tracks
13.6 Funerary Structures

Chapter 14: Features in the Schalkskamp quarter
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Houses
14.3 Outbuildings
14.4 Pits and wells
14.5 Ditches and fences
14.6 Funerary structures

Chapter 15: Features in the Mettegeupel quarter
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Houses
15.3 Granaries and outbuildings
15.4 Pits and wells
15.5 Ditches and palisades
15.6 Funerary structures

Chapter 16: Features in the Almstein quarter
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Houses
16.3 Granaries
16.4 Ditches and palisades

Prof. dr. Harry Fokkens

Harry Fokkens studied Human Geography at the Free University in Amsterdam and Prehistoric Archaeology at the State University Groningen. For more than twenty years he excavated Bronze and Iron Age settlements and cemeteries around the town of Oss (Netherlands). This research formed the basis for many articles about Bronze Age cultural landscapes, including settlements and barrow cemeteries.

read more

Stijn van As MA

Stijn van As became involved in the Oss research projects during his early study years. He graduated in Prehistoric Archaeology at Leiden University in early 2010. He worked in commercial archaeology for several years as a field archaeologist (2010-2012) and became a member of the Faculty in late 2012 with the task of producing the catalogue of the Oss-North campaigns.

read more

Drs. Richard Jansen

Richard Jansen is fulltime lecturer in Applied Archaeology and European Prehistory at the Faculty of Archaeology, University of Leiden. Between 2008 and 2018 he also was the municipal-archaeologist of Oss. His (PhD-)research focuses on the long-term structuring of the (settlement) landscape from the late prehistory until the Roman Period, especially on the extensively researched sandy soils of Oss, but also within the larger MSD-region.

read more









© 2016 Sidestone Press      KvK nr. 28114891