Early Settlers of the Insular Caribbean

Dearchaizing the Archaic

Edited by Corinne L. Hofman and Andrzej T. Antczak | 2019

Early Settlers of the Insular Caribbean

Dearchaizing the Archaic

Edited by Corinne L. Hofman and Andrzej T. Antczak | 2019

ISBN: 9789088907807

Imprint: Sidestone Press Academics | Format: 182x257mm | 338 pp. | Language: English | 40 illus. (bw) | 20 illus. (fc) | Keywords: Caribbean Archaic Age; Caribbean early settlers, Caribbean archaeology; Ancient Americas | download cover

Early Settlers of the Insular Caribbean: Dearchaizing the Archaic offers a comprehensive coverage of the most recent advances in interdisciplinary research on the early human settling of the Caribbean islands. It covers the time span of the so-called Archaic Age and focuses on the Middle to Late Holocene period which – depending on specific case studies discussed in this volume – could range between 6000 BC and AD 1000. A similar approach to the early settlers of the Caribbean islands has never been published in one volume, impeding the realization of a holistic view on indigenous peoples’ settling, subsistence, movements, and interactions in this vast and naturally diversified macroregion.

Delivered by a panel of international experts, this book provides recent and new data in the fields of archaeology, collection studies, palaeo­botany, geomorphology, paleoclimate and bioarchaeology that challenge currently existing perspectives on early human settlement patterns, subsistence strategies, migration routes and mobility and exchange. This publication compiles new approaches to ‘old’ data and museum collections, presents the results of starch grain analysis, paleocoring, seascape modelling, and network analysis. Moreover, it features newer published data from the islands such as Margarita and Aruba. All the above-mentioned data compiled in one volume fills the gap in scholarly literature, transforms some of the interpretations in vogue and enables the integration of the first settlers of the insular Caribbean into the larger Pan-American perspective.

This book not only provides scholars and students with compelling new and interdisciplinary perspectives on the Early Settlers of the Insular Caribbean. It is also of interest to unspecialized readers as it discusses subjects related to archaeology, anthropology, and – broadly speaking – to the intersections between humanities and social and environmental sciences, which are of great interest to the present-day general public.

Also see the other publications from the NEXUS 1492 Research Project

Table of Contents
List of Contributors
List of Figures
List of Tables

Introduction
Corinne L. Hofman and Andrzej T. Antczak

Dearchaizing the Caribbean Archaic
Andrzej T. Antczak and Corinne L. Hofman

I. ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES AND SUBSISTENCE STRATEGIES

Gone with the Waves: Sea level rise, ancient territories, and the socioenvironmental context of the mid-Holocene maritime mobility in the Pan-Caribbean region
Isabel C. Rivera-Collazo

Archaeological evidence and the potential effects of Paleo-Tsunami Events during the Archaic Age in the Southern Caribbean
Jay B. Haviser

Natural and anthropogenic landscape change and the submergence and emergence of the Archaic Age settlement on the eastern edge of the Anegada Passage
John G. Crock

Ecosystem engineering during the human occupations of the Lesser Antilles
Peter E. Siegel, John G. Jones, Deborah M. Pearsall, Nicholas P. Dunning, Pat Farrell, Neil A. Duncan, and Jason H. Curtis

On the way to the islands: The role of domestic plants in the initial peopling of the Antilles
Jaime R. Pagán-Jiménez, Reniel Rodríguez Ramos, and Corinne L. Hofman

Subsistence strategies and food consumption patterns of Archaic Age populations from Cuba: From traditional perspectives to current analytical results
Yadira Chinique de Armas, Roberto Rodríguez Suárez, William M. Buhay, and Mirjana Roksandic

II. LOCAL DEVELOPMENTS AND REGIONAL ENTANGLEMENTS

The first settlers: Lithic through Archaic times in the coastal zone and on the offshore islands of northeast South America
Arie Boomert

Early indigenous occupations of Margarita Island and the Venezuelan Caribbean
Andrzej T. Antczak, Luis A. Lemoine Buffet, Ma. Magdalena Antczak, and Valentí Rull

The Archaic Age of Aruba: New evidence on the first migrations into the island
Harold J. Kelly and Corinne L. Hofman

Construction and deconstruction of the “Archaic” in Cuba and Hispaniola
Jorge Ulloa Hung and Roberto Valcárcel Rojas

Levisa 1. Studying the earliest indigenous peoples in Cuba in multicomponent archaeological sites
Roberto Valcárcel Rojas, Jorge Ulloa Hung, and Osmani Feria García

Situating Jamaica
William F. Keegan

Guácaras in early Precolonial Puerto Rico: The case of Cueva Ventana
Reniel Rodríguez Ramos, Jaime Pagán-Jiménez, Yvonne Narganes Storde, and Michael J. Lace

The Krum Bay sites revisited. The excavations in the Krum Bay area on St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands
Casper Toftgaard

III. MOBILITY AND EXCHANGE

An Archaic site at Upper Blakes on Montserrat: Discovery, context, and wider significance
John F. Cherry and Krysta Ryzewski

Archaic Age voyaging, networks, and resource mobility around the Caribbean Sea
Corinne L. Hofman, Lewis Borck, Emma Slayton, and Menno L. P. Hoogland

References
Appendix

Prof. dr. Corinne L. Hofman

Corinne L. Hofman is Professor of Caribbean Archaeology at the Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University, the Netherlands. She has conducted fieldwork – together with Dr. Menno Hoogland – in many of the Caribbean islands over the past 30 years.

read more

Dr. Andrzej T. Antczak

Andrzej T. Antczak is Associate Professor of Caribbean Archaeology at the Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University, the Netherlands. Since 1982, he has been co-directing—together with Dr. Marlena Antczak—pioneering archaeological investigations on more than 60 off-shore islands of the Venezuelan Caribbean and, since 2006, on the small islands off the eastern coast of Martinique.

read more

Abstract:

Early Settlers of the Insular Caribbean: Dearchaizing the Archaic offers a comprehensive coverage of the most recent advances in interdisciplinary research on the early human settling of the Caribbean islands. It covers the time span of the so-called Archaic Age and focuses on the Middle to Late Holocene period which – depending on specific case studies discussed in this volume – could range between 6000 BC and AD 1000. A similar approach to the early settlers of the Caribbean islands has never been published in one volume, impeding the realization of a holistic view on indigenous peoples’ settling, subsistence, movements, and interactions in this vast and naturally diversified macroregion.

Delivered by a panel of international experts, this book provides recent and new data in the fields of archaeology, collection studies, palaeo­botany, geomorphology, paleoclimate and bioarchaeology that challenge currently existing perspectives on early human settlement patterns, subsistence strategies, migration routes and mobility and exchange. This publication compiles new approaches to ‘old’ data and museum collections, presents the results of starch grain analysis, paleocoring, seascape modelling, and network analysis. Moreover, it features newer published data from the islands such as Margarita and Aruba. All the above-mentioned data compiled in one volume fills the gap in scholarly literature, transforms some of the interpretations in vogue and enables the integration of the first settlers of the insular Caribbean into the larger Pan-American perspective.

This book not only provides scholars and students with compelling new and interdisciplinary perspectives on the Early Settlers of the Insular Caribbean. It is also of interest to unspecialized readers as it discusses subjects related to archaeology, anthropology, and – broadly speaking – to the intersections between humanities and social and environmental sciences, which are of great interest to the present-day general public.

Also see the other publications from the NEXUS 1492 Research Project

Contents

Table of Contents
List of Contributors
List of Figures
List of Tables

Introduction
Corinne L. Hofman and Andrzej T. Antczak

Dearchaizing the Caribbean Archaic
Andrzej T. Antczak and Corinne L. Hofman

I. ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES AND SUBSISTENCE STRATEGIES

Gone with the Waves: Sea level rise, ancient territories, and the socioenvironmental context of the mid-Holocene maritime mobility in the Pan-Caribbean region
Isabel C. Rivera-Collazo

Archaeological evidence and the potential effects of Paleo-Tsunami Events during the Archaic Age in the Southern Caribbean
Jay B. Haviser

Natural and anthropogenic landscape change and the submergence and emergence of the Archaic Age settlement on the eastern edge of the Anegada Passage
John G. Crock

Ecosystem engineering during the human occupations of the Lesser Antilles
Peter E. Siegel, John G. Jones, Deborah M. Pearsall, Nicholas P. Dunning, Pat Farrell, Neil A. Duncan, and Jason H. Curtis

On the way to the islands: The role of domestic plants in the initial peopling of the Antilles
Jaime R. Pagán-Jiménez, Reniel Rodríguez Ramos, and Corinne L. Hofman

Subsistence strategies and food consumption patterns of Archaic Age populations from Cuba: From traditional perspectives to current analytical results
Yadira Chinique de Armas, Roberto Rodríguez Suárez, William M. Buhay, and Mirjana Roksandic

II. LOCAL DEVELOPMENTS AND REGIONAL ENTANGLEMENTS

The first settlers: Lithic through Archaic times in the coastal zone and on the offshore islands of northeast South America
Arie Boomert

Early indigenous occupations of Margarita Island and the Venezuelan Caribbean
Andrzej T. Antczak, Luis A. Lemoine Buffet, Ma. Magdalena Antczak, and Valentí Rull

The Archaic Age of Aruba: New evidence on the first migrations into the island
Harold J. Kelly and Corinne L. Hofman

Construction and deconstruction of the “Archaic” in Cuba and Hispaniola
Jorge Ulloa Hung and Roberto Valcárcel Rojas

Levisa 1. Studying the earliest indigenous peoples in Cuba in multicomponent archaeological sites
Roberto Valcárcel Rojas, Jorge Ulloa Hung, and Osmani Feria García

Situating Jamaica
William F. Keegan

Guácaras in early Precolonial Puerto Rico: The case of Cueva Ventana
Reniel Rodríguez Ramos, Jaime Pagán-Jiménez, Yvonne Narganes Storde, and Michael J. Lace

The Krum Bay sites revisited. The excavations in the Krum Bay area on St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands
Casper Toftgaard

III. MOBILITY AND EXCHANGE

An Archaic site at Upper Blakes on Montserrat: Discovery, context, and wider significance
John F. Cherry and Krysta Ryzewski

Archaic Age voyaging, networks, and resource mobility around the Caribbean Sea
Corinne L. Hofman, Lewis Borck, Emma Slayton, and Menno L. P. Hoogland

References
Appendix

Prof. dr. Corinne L. Hofman

Corinne L. Hofman is Professor of Caribbean Archaeology at the Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University, the Netherlands. She has conducted fieldwork – together with Dr. Menno Hoogland – in many of the Caribbean islands over the past 30 years.

read more

Dr. Andrzej T. Antczak

Andrzej T. Antczak is Associate Professor of Caribbean Archaeology at the Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University, the Netherlands. Since 1982, he has been co-directing—together with Dr. Marlena Antczak—pioneering archaeological investigations on more than 60 off-shore islands of the Venezuelan Caribbean and, since 2006, on the small islands off the eastern coast of Martinique.

read more









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