Creatures of Earth, Water and Sky

Essays on Animals in Ancient Egypt and Nubia

Edited by Stéphanie Porcier, Salima Ikram & Stéphane Pasquali | Forthcoming

Creatures of Earth, Water and Sky

Essays on Animals in Ancient Egypt and Nubia

Edited by Stéphanie Porcier, Salima Ikram & Stéphane Pasquali | Forthcoming

ISBN: 9789088907722

Imprint: Sidestone Press | Format: 210x280mm | ca. 310 pp. | Language: English & French | 75 illus. (bw) | 125 illus. (fc) | Category: ancient Egypt, mummy, mummification, bioarchaeology, Saqqara, Nubia, catacomb, animal necropolis, archaeozoology, disease, radiography, DNA, magic, domestication, lexicography, AMS dating, funerary practices, ritual practices, economy, predynastic, dynast | download cover

Publication date: 22-08-2019

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    ISBN: 9789088907722

    Imprint: Sidestone Press | Format: 210x280mm | ca. 310 pp. | Language: English & French | 75 illus. (bw) | 125 illus. (fc) | Category: ancient Egypt, mummy, mummification, bioarchaeology, Saqqara, Nubia, catacomb, animal necropolis, archaeozoology, disease, radiography, DNA, magic, domestication, lexicography, AMS dating, funerary practices, ritual practices, economy, predynastic, dynast | download cover

    Publication date: 22-08-2019

Ancient Egyptians always had an intense and complex relationship with animals in daily life as well as in religion. Despite the fact that research on this relationship has been a topic of study, gaps in our knowledge still remain. This volume presents well over 30 contributions that explore Human-Animal relationships from the Predynastic to the Roman period.

The essays cover topics such as animal husbandry, mummification, species-specific studies, the archaeology and economy of the animal cults, funerary practices, iconography and symbolism. The contribution of archaeometrical methods, such as DNA analyses, balms’ analyses, AMS dating, radiography, and 3D imaging, are also represented as these play a significant role in furthering our understanding of the human-animal relationship in Egypt.

The range of subject matter and contributors are indicative of the importance of animals and the role that they played in ancient Egypt and Nubia, and emphasises the need for continued inter- and multidisciplinary studies on the subject. The research outlined in this volume has helped, for example, to better identify ways of sourcing the animals used in mummification, contributed to establishing the eras during which animal mummification became common, and highlighted new techniques for acquiring DNA.

The fresh insights and diversity of topics makes the volume of interest for professionals (Egyptologists, (archaeo-)zoologists and historians), as well as those who are interested in Egyptology and in the relationship between humans and animals. ‘Creatures of Earth, Water and Sky’ is the result of the first international conference ever dedicated to animals in ancient Egypt and Nubia (the International Symposium on Animals in Ancient Egypt, ISAAE 1, June 1-3 2016, held in Lyon).

Abstracts

Preface
Stéphanie Porcier, Salima Ikram & Stéphane Pasquali

L’exploitation de l’autruche dans l’Égypte ancienne : l’exemple des perles en coquille d’œuf d’autruche
Halima Ali Toybou

Scanning Sobek: Mummy of the Crocodile God
Julie Anderson & Daniel Antoine

Donkey Burials at Tell El-Yahudia
Aiman Ashmawy Ali

À propos des noms d’espèces appartenant au sous-ordre des sauria (lézards) attestés en Égypte ancienne et médiévale : un tour d’horizon zoologique et lexicographique
Sydney H. Aufrère

Early Travellers and the Animal `Mummy Pits’ of Egypt: Exploration and Exploitation of the Animal Catacombs in the Age of Early Travel
Tessa T. Baber

From Egyptology to Ornithology: The Cults of Sacred Falcons and The Musée des Confluences’ Raptor Mummies
Rozenn Bailleul-LeSuer

Interpreting the Faunal Remains from the Tombs at the Temple of Millions of Years of Amenhotep II in Western Thebes: Funerary Practices, Ritual Practices or, Perhaps, Something Else?
Fabio Bona, Anna Consonni, Tommaso Quirino & Angelo Sesana

Une analyse chimique de la composition de baumes de momies animales égyptiennes conservées au musée des Confluences (Lyon, France)
Manon Bondetti, Stéphanie Porcier, Matthieu Ménager & Cathy Vieillescazes

Économie du culte des animaux sacrés en Égypte hellénistique et romaine
Silvia Bussi

Bœufs d’Égypte, bœufs du Soudan : une morphologie différente ?
Louis Chaix

L’étude des momies animales du musée des Confluences à Lyon. L’exemple des momies de poissons
Alain Charron

Des chiens et des bandelettes
Françoise Dunand, Roger Lichtenberg, Cécile Callou & Fleur Letellier-Willemin

Trapping Baqet’s Rat
Linda Evans

De la valeur emblématique des dromadaires en terre cuite d’Égypte
Jérôme Gonzalez

Formes et figures animales dans le mobilier égyptien
Hélène Guichard

Shedding New Light on Old Corpses: Developments in the Field of Animal Mummy Studies
Salima Ikram

Mummies from the City of Canine Deities: An Analysis of Canid Osteofaunal Remains from the Tomb of the Dogs on Gebel Asyut al-Gharbi, Asyut, Middle Egypt
Chiori Kitagawa

Emploi et symbolisme des cornes de bovins au Protodynastique : Exemples d’Abou Rawach
Joséphine Lesur

Appréhender les momies autrement. L’étude des textiles des momies de gazelles du musée des Confluences à Lyon
Fleur Letellier-Willemin

Known and Unknown Animals in a Bilingual Glossary on a Papyrus from Egypt, and the Egyptian Effect on the Small Animal of Callimachus
Nikos Litinas

Mummies at Manchester – applying the Manchester Methodology to the Study of Mummified Animal Remains from Ancient Egypt
Lidija McKnight & Stephanie Woolham

The North Ibis Catacomb at Saqqara
Paul T. Nicholson

The Conservation of Animal Mummies: Problems and Possible Solutions
Cinzia Oliva & Matilde Borla

La polychromie d’un cercueil de faucon d’époque romaine
Sandrine Pagès-Camagna & Yannick Vandenberghe

Sur la manière dont un Égyptien a raconté l’installation de l’animal sacré de Mendès
Stéphane Pasquali

Datations par le carbone 14 de 63 momies animales du musée des Confluences à Lyon (France)
Stéphanie Porcier, Pascale Richardin, Gaëtan Louarn, Salima Ikram & Didier Berthet

Les cinq momies de chat de la Società africana d’Italia (SAI) : nouvelles recherches, nouvelles découvertes
Maria Diletta Pubblico & Cinzia Oliva

The Burial Ground for Osiris-(NN)-Animals at Tuna el-Gebel
Katrin Annikka Schlüter

A Study of the Wrapping of an Ibis Mummy from the Catacombs of Tuna-el-Gebel, Hermopolis
Ahmed Tarek, Mohamed Abdel-Rahman, Nesma Mohamed, Ahmed Khairy & Ahmed Abedellatif

The Conservation of Animal Mummies and Associated Materials: Case Studies from the C2RMF
Noëlle Timbart

Le ‘Tête-de-chien’ (κυνοκέφαλος) des Grecs : l’Égypte au prisme des animaux
Marco Vespa

‘Fishing’ for Mitochondrial DNA in Mummified Sacred Ibis: Development of a Targeted Enrichment Protocol Resolves the Ancient Egyptian DNA Survival Debate
Sally Wasef, Leon Huynen, Craig Donald Millar, Sankar Subramanian, Salima Ikram, Barbra Holland Eske Willerslev & David Martin Lambert

Stéphane Pasquali

Stéphane Pasquali is Lecturer at the University Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3 (France) where he teaches Egyptology and conducts research on Written and Material Culture. He has recently published scientific papers about texts as objects and texts as creations, as well as on the reception of Pharaonic Egypt in Medieval Egypt.

read more

Stéphanie Porcier

Stéphanie Porcier is an Egyptologist and Archeozoologist specializing in the study of animals in ancient Egypt and especially animal mummies. She directs the inter- and multidisciplinary program MAHES (French acronym for Egyptian Animal and Human Mummies) which aims to study the most important collection of animal mummies outside Egypt kept at the Musée des Confluences, Lyon (France).

read more

Salima Ikram

Salima Ikram is Distinguished University Professor of Egyptology at the American University in Cairo, and has excavated extensively in Egypt as well as in Turkey. She has directed the Animal Mummy Project, the Amenmesse Project (KV10/KV63), the North Kharga Oasis Darb Ain Amur Project, and and headed the archaeozoology team at Kinet Hoyuk in Turkey.

read more

Abstract:

Ancient Egyptians always had an intense and complex relationship with animals in daily life as well as in religion. Despite the fact that research on this relationship has been a topic of study, gaps in our knowledge still remain. This volume presents well over 30 contributions that explore Human-Animal relationships from the Predynastic to the Roman period.

The essays cover topics such as animal husbandry, mummification, species-specific studies, the archaeology and economy of the animal cults, funerary practices, iconography and symbolism. The contribution of archaeometrical methods, such as DNA analyses, balms’ analyses, AMS dating, radiography, and 3D imaging, are also represented as these play a significant role in furthering our understanding of the human-animal relationship in Egypt.

The range of subject matter and contributors are indicative of the importance of animals and the role that they played in ancient Egypt and Nubia, and emphasises the need for continued inter- and multidisciplinary studies on the subject. The research outlined in this volume has helped, for example, to better identify ways of sourcing the animals used in mummification, contributed to establishing the eras during which animal mummification became common, and highlighted new techniques for acquiring DNA.

The fresh insights and diversity of topics makes the volume of interest for professionals (Egyptologists, (archaeo-)zoologists and historians), as well as those who are interested in Egyptology and in the relationship between humans and animals. ‘Creatures of Earth, Water and Sky’ is the result of the first international conference ever dedicated to animals in ancient Egypt and Nubia (the International Symposium on Animals in Ancient Egypt, ISAAE 1, June 1-3 2016, held in Lyon).

Contents

Abstracts

Preface
Stéphanie Porcier, Salima Ikram & Stéphane Pasquali

L’exploitation de l’autruche dans l’Égypte ancienne : l’exemple des perles en coquille d’œuf d’autruche
Halima Ali Toybou

Scanning Sobek: Mummy of the Crocodile God
Julie Anderson & Daniel Antoine

Donkey Burials at Tell El-Yahudia
Aiman Ashmawy Ali

À propos des noms d’espèces appartenant au sous-ordre des sauria (lézards) attestés en Égypte ancienne et médiévale : un tour d’horizon zoologique et lexicographique
Sydney H. Aufrère

Early Travellers and the Animal `Mummy Pits’ of Egypt: Exploration and Exploitation of the Animal Catacombs in the Age of Early Travel
Tessa T. Baber

From Egyptology to Ornithology: The Cults of Sacred Falcons and The Musée des Confluences’ Raptor Mummies
Rozenn Bailleul-LeSuer

Interpreting the Faunal Remains from the Tombs at the Temple of Millions of Years of Amenhotep II in Western Thebes: Funerary Practices, Ritual Practices or, Perhaps, Something Else?
Fabio Bona, Anna Consonni, Tommaso Quirino & Angelo Sesana

Une analyse chimique de la composition de baumes de momies animales égyptiennes conservées au musée des Confluences (Lyon, France)
Manon Bondetti, Stéphanie Porcier, Matthieu Ménager & Cathy Vieillescazes

Économie du culte des animaux sacrés en Égypte hellénistique et romaine
Silvia Bussi

Bœufs d’Égypte, bœufs du Soudan : une morphologie différente ?
Louis Chaix

L’étude des momies animales du musée des Confluences à Lyon. L’exemple des momies de poissons
Alain Charron

Des chiens et des bandelettes
Françoise Dunand, Roger Lichtenberg, Cécile Callou & Fleur Letellier-Willemin

Trapping Baqet’s Rat
Linda Evans

De la valeur emblématique des dromadaires en terre cuite d’Égypte
Jérôme Gonzalez

Formes et figures animales dans le mobilier égyptien
Hélène Guichard

Shedding New Light on Old Corpses: Developments in the Field of Animal Mummy Studies
Salima Ikram

Mummies from the City of Canine Deities: An Analysis of Canid Osteofaunal Remains from the Tomb of the Dogs on Gebel Asyut al-Gharbi, Asyut, Middle Egypt
Chiori Kitagawa

Emploi et symbolisme des cornes de bovins au Protodynastique : Exemples d’Abou Rawach
Joséphine Lesur

Appréhender les momies autrement. L’étude des textiles des momies de gazelles du musée des Confluences à Lyon
Fleur Letellier-Willemin

Known and Unknown Animals in a Bilingual Glossary on a Papyrus from Egypt, and the Egyptian Effect on the Small Animal of Callimachus
Nikos Litinas

Mummies at Manchester – applying the Manchester Methodology to the Study of Mummified Animal Remains from Ancient Egypt
Lidija McKnight & Stephanie Woolham

The North Ibis Catacomb at Saqqara
Paul T. Nicholson

The Conservation of Animal Mummies: Problems and Possible Solutions
Cinzia Oliva & Matilde Borla

La polychromie d’un cercueil de faucon d’époque romaine
Sandrine Pagès-Camagna & Yannick Vandenberghe

Sur la manière dont un Égyptien a raconté l’installation de l’animal sacré de Mendès
Stéphane Pasquali

Datations par le carbone 14 de 63 momies animales du musée des Confluences à Lyon (France)
Stéphanie Porcier, Pascale Richardin, Gaëtan Louarn, Salima Ikram & Didier Berthet

Les cinq momies de chat de la Società africana d’Italia (SAI) : nouvelles recherches, nouvelles découvertes
Maria Diletta Pubblico & Cinzia Oliva

The Burial Ground for Osiris-(NN)-Animals at Tuna el-Gebel
Katrin Annikka Schlüter

A Study of the Wrapping of an Ibis Mummy from the Catacombs of Tuna-el-Gebel, Hermopolis
Ahmed Tarek, Mohamed Abdel-Rahman, Nesma Mohamed, Ahmed Khairy & Ahmed Abedellatif

The Conservation of Animal Mummies and Associated Materials: Case Studies from the C2RMF
Noëlle Timbart

Le ‘Tête-de-chien’ (κυνοκέφαλος) des Grecs : l’Égypte au prisme des animaux
Marco Vespa

‘Fishing’ for Mitochondrial DNA in Mummified Sacred Ibis: Development of a Targeted Enrichment Protocol Resolves the Ancient Egyptian DNA Survival Debate
Sally Wasef, Leon Huynen, Craig Donald Millar, Sankar Subramanian, Salima Ikram, Barbra Holland Eske Willerslev & David Martin Lambert

Stéphane Pasquali

Stéphane Pasquali is Lecturer at the University Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3 (France) where he teaches Egyptology and conducts research on Written and Material Culture. He has recently published scientific papers about texts as objects and texts as creations, as well as on the reception of Pharaonic Egypt in Medieval Egypt.

read more

Stéphanie Porcier

Stéphanie Porcier is an Egyptologist and Archeozoologist specializing in the study of animals in ancient Egypt and especially animal mummies. She directs the inter- and multidisciplinary program MAHES (French acronym for Egyptian Animal and Human Mummies) which aims to study the most important collection of animal mummies outside Egypt kept at the Musée des Confluences, Lyon (France).

read more

Salima Ikram

Salima Ikram is Distinguished University Professor of Egyptology at the American University in Cairo, and has excavated extensively in Egypt as well as in Turkey. She has directed the Animal Mummy Project, the Amenmesse Project (KV10/KV63), the North Kharga Oasis Darb Ain Amur Project, and and headed the archaeozoology team at Kinet Hoyuk in Turkey.

read more









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