Water & Heritage

Material, conceptual and spiritual connections

Edited by Willem J.H. Willems (✝) & Henk P.J. van Schaik | 2015

Water & Heritage

Material, conceptual and spiritual connections

Edited by Willem J.H. Willems (✝) & Henk P.J. van Schaik | 2015

ISBN: 9789088902789

Imprint: Sidestone Press Academics | Format: 182x257mm | 434 pp. | Language: English | Category: heritage studies, history, archaeology, water management | download cover

This book was initiated by ICOMOS Netherlands

Water & Heritage … tells the story of water heritage in all its diversity. It reveals the technical ingenuity that water heritage has always inspired, and it presents the challenges that this heritage faces, along with possible solutions. Reflecting the depth of cooperation between UNESCO and ICOMOS, this book was launched … as a showcase of cooperation to increase dialogue on water heritage. – Irina Bokova (Director-General of UNESCO)

Water is vital for life, and its availability has been a concern for mankind throughout the ages. Its presence has always been ascertained in a variety of ways and the development of human society everywhere is connected with various forms of water management. Man also needed to manage water to find protection from its dangers and the need for that is increasing. In the coming decades, the impact of climate change is expected to intensify floods and droughts, affect groundwater resources, raise sea levels, increase pollution and enhance the frequency and magnitude of disasters. Societies around the world are challenged to adapt to these threats to ensure water security, economic prosperity and environmental and cultural sustainability.

This book deals with the heritage of water management and the use that was made of water, as well as the impact of water management on heritage. An example of the former may be an ancient irrigation system in the Philippines or in the Middle East that still functions today, while the latter may reflect the importance of maintaining groundwater levels for the preservation of organic remains on archaeological sites or of wooden piles underneath standing buildings. In either case the papers in this book reflect the dynamic nature of water, and hence the equally dynamic relation between water management and heritage.

This publication follows up on a Heritage and Water conference in Amsterdam, the first of its kind. Its main purpose is to credibly present the importance and value of heritage and historical experience for water and sustainable development, and vice versa, present the importance of water management for the protection of heritage. It presents evolving insights and concepts about Water and about Heritage from a variety of disciplines, policy and public perspectives illustrated with cases studies and aims to connect decision makers with experts such as engineers, archaeologists, historians, geographers, ecologist and landscape architects.

This book was initiated by ICOMOS Netherlands as a follow up to its 2013 international conference ‘Protecting delta’s, heritage helps’.


Foreword
Irina Bokova (Director-General of UNESCO)

Preface
Jhr. Ir. Diederik Six (president ICOMOS Netherlands) and Drs. Erik Luijendijk (board member ICOMOS Netherlands)

Culture is the fourth pillar of sustainable development
Olivier Blond

Water and Heritage: conventions and connections
Henk P.J. van Schaik, Michael van der Valk and Willem Willems

Evolution of rainwater harvesting in urban areas through the millennia. A sustainable technology for increasing water availability
Benoît Haut, Xiao Yun Zheng, Larry Mays, Mooyoung Han, Cees Passchier, and Andreas N. Angelakis

Ancient Water Wisdom. Traditional water systems in India
Vasudha Pangare and Ganesh Pangare

Water and heritage in Angkor, Cambodia. The monuments, the ancient hydraulic network and their recent rehabilitation
Peou Hang

Water and World heritage
Anne Lemaistre

Beautiful tropical islands in the Caribbean Sea. Human responses to floods and droughts and the indigenous archaeological heritage of the Caribbean
Corinne L. Hofman and Menno L.P. Hoogland

Pacific Islands on the brink of submergence. Rising seas in an age of climate changes
John A. Peterson

Sand and water – and their effect on the pyramids of Meroe in the Sudan
Alexandra Riedel

Preserving New York City’s waterfront industrial and maritime heritage through resilient and sustainable development. New York City’s coastal development
Kate Daly

Heritage values of water and sea defense in Recife. Challenges for a local governmental approach
Evelyne Labanca Corrêa de Araújo

Hazard vulnerability and management of cultural heritage in the context of water-related hazards in the Republic of Korea
Hae Un Rii, Hyo Hyun Sung and Jisoo Kim

Flood Protection for Historic Sites – Integrating Heritage Conservation and Flood Control Concepts. Experiences in Germany
Heiko Lieske, Erika Schmidt and Thomas Will

‘Climate is what we expect, weather is what we get’. Managing the potential effects of oceanic climate change on underwater cultural heritage
Mark Dunkley

Water as an Agent of Creation and Destruction at Petra
Douglas C. Comer

Tsunami and heritage after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake
Katsuyuki Okamura

Reinforcing the link between Water and Heritage in order to build Disaster Resilient Societies
Rohit Jigyasu

Between pragmatism and cultural context. Continuity and change in Ifugao wet-rice agriculture
Stephen Acabado and Marlon Martin

Water Services Heritage and Institutional Diversity
T.S. Katko, P.S. Juuti, P.E. Pietilä and R.P. Rajala

The framework of skills and knowledge shared in long-enduring organizations in the improvement of irrigation efficiency in Japan
Mikiko Sugiura, Yohei Sato and Shinsuke Ota

The Deltaworks: heritage and new space for a changing world
Marinke Steenhuis

Beyond site protection. Embedding natural heritage into sustainable landscapes
Kenneth Irvine

The Santa Cruz River. Four Millennia of Water Heritage and Security in the U.S.-Mexico Border Region
Rafael de Grenade and Robert G. Varady

Cultural and touristic strategies for preservation and enhancement of Venice and its lagoon
Francesco Calzolaio

The Tennessee Valley Authority. How the Development of the Tennessee River Influenced Archaeology in the Southeastern United States
Erin Pritchard, Michaelyn Harle and Pat Bernard Ezzell

Development of the WWC world water heritage systems (WHS) program
Avinash Chand Tyagi and Kazumi Yamaoka

Ir. Henk P.J. van Schaik

Over 40 years Henk van Schaik has built up professional experience in water covering the areas of water supply, waste water collection and treatment, water resources management, water and climate, water and heritage, water diplomacy, water and transparency.

read more

Prof. Dr. Willem J.H. Willems

Willem J.H. Willems (1950-2014) was professor of archaeological heritage at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands. Previously he was Dean of the Faculty, after a career at the State Antiquities Service where he became director and Chief Archaeologist of the Netherlands.

read more

Abstract:

Water & Heritage … tells the story of water heritage in all its diversity. It reveals the technical ingenuity that water heritage has always inspired, and it presents the challenges that this heritage faces, along with possible solutions. Reflecting the depth of cooperation between UNESCO and ICOMOS, this book was launched … as a showcase of cooperation to increase dialogue on water heritage. – Irina Bokova (Director-General of UNESCO)

Water is vital for life, and its availability has been a concern for mankind throughout the ages. Its presence has always been ascertained in a variety of ways and the development of human society everywhere is connected with various forms of water management. Man also needed to manage water to find protection from its dangers and the need for that is increasing. In the coming decades, the impact of climate change is expected to intensify floods and droughts, affect groundwater resources, raise sea levels, increase pollution and enhance the frequency and magnitude of disasters. Societies around the world are challenged to adapt to these threats to ensure water security, economic prosperity and environmental and cultural sustainability.

This book deals with the heritage of water management and the use that was made of water, as well as the impact of water management on heritage. An example of the former may be an ancient irrigation system in the Philippines or in the Middle East that still functions today, while the latter may reflect the importance of maintaining groundwater levels for the preservation of organic remains on archaeological sites or of wooden piles underneath standing buildings. In either case the papers in this book reflect the dynamic nature of water, and hence the equally dynamic relation between water management and heritage.

This publication follows up on a Heritage and Water conference in Amsterdam, the first of its kind. Its main purpose is to credibly present the importance and value of heritage and historical experience for water and sustainable development, and vice versa, present the importance of water management for the protection of heritage. It presents evolving insights and concepts about Water and about Heritage from a variety of disciplines, policy and public perspectives illustrated with cases studies and aims to connect decision makers with experts such as engineers, archaeologists, historians, geographers, ecologist and landscape architects.

This book was initiated by ICOMOS Netherlands as a follow up to its 2013 international conference ‘Protecting delta’s, heritage helps’.


Contents

Foreword
Irina Bokova (Director-General of UNESCO)

Preface
Jhr. Ir. Diederik Six (president ICOMOS Netherlands) and Drs. Erik Luijendijk (board member ICOMOS Netherlands)

Culture is the fourth pillar of sustainable development
Olivier Blond

Water and Heritage: conventions and connections
Henk P.J. van Schaik, Michael van der Valk and Willem Willems

Evolution of rainwater harvesting in urban areas through the millennia. A sustainable technology for increasing water availability
Benoît Haut, Xiao Yun Zheng, Larry Mays, Mooyoung Han, Cees Passchier, and Andreas N. Angelakis

Ancient Water Wisdom. Traditional water systems in India
Vasudha Pangare and Ganesh Pangare

Water and heritage in Angkor, Cambodia. The monuments, the ancient hydraulic network and their recent rehabilitation
Peou Hang

Water and World heritage
Anne Lemaistre

Beautiful tropical islands in the Caribbean Sea. Human responses to floods and droughts and the indigenous archaeological heritage of the Caribbean
Corinne L. Hofman and Menno L.P. Hoogland

Pacific Islands on the brink of submergence. Rising seas in an age of climate changes
John A. Peterson

Sand and water – and their effect on the pyramids of Meroe in the Sudan
Alexandra Riedel

Preserving New York City’s waterfront industrial and maritime heritage through resilient and sustainable development. New York City’s coastal development
Kate Daly

Heritage values of water and sea defense in Recife. Challenges for a local governmental approach
Evelyne Labanca Corrêa de Araújo

Hazard vulnerability and management of cultural heritage in the context of water-related hazards in the Republic of Korea
Hae Un Rii, Hyo Hyun Sung and Jisoo Kim

Flood Protection for Historic Sites – Integrating Heritage Conservation and Flood Control Concepts. Experiences in Germany
Heiko Lieske, Erika Schmidt and Thomas Will

‘Climate is what we expect, weather is what we get’. Managing the potential effects of oceanic climate change on underwater cultural heritage
Mark Dunkley

Water as an Agent of Creation and Destruction at Petra
Douglas C. Comer

Tsunami and heritage after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake
Katsuyuki Okamura

Reinforcing the link between Water and Heritage in order to build Disaster Resilient Societies
Rohit Jigyasu

Between pragmatism and cultural context. Continuity and change in Ifugao wet-rice agriculture
Stephen Acabado and Marlon Martin

Water Services Heritage and Institutional Diversity
T.S. Katko, P.S. Juuti, P.E. Pietilä and R.P. Rajala

The framework of skills and knowledge shared in long-enduring organizations in the improvement of irrigation efficiency in Japan
Mikiko Sugiura, Yohei Sato and Shinsuke Ota

The Deltaworks: heritage and new space for a changing world
Marinke Steenhuis

Beyond site protection. Embedding natural heritage into sustainable landscapes
Kenneth Irvine

The Santa Cruz River. Four Millennia of Water Heritage and Security in the U.S.-Mexico Border Region
Rafael de Grenade and Robert G. Varady

Cultural and touristic strategies for preservation and enhancement of Venice and its lagoon
Francesco Calzolaio

The Tennessee Valley Authority. How the Development of the Tennessee River Influenced Archaeology in the Southeastern United States
Erin Pritchard, Michaelyn Harle and Pat Bernard Ezzell

Development of the WWC world water heritage systems (WHS) program
Avinash Chand Tyagi and Kazumi Yamaoka

Ir. Henk P.J. van Schaik

Over 40 years Henk van Schaik has built up professional experience in water covering the areas of water supply, waste water collection and treatment, water resources management, water and climate, water and heritage, water diplomacy, water and transparency.

read more

Prof. Dr. Willem J.H. Willems

Willem J.H. Willems (1950-2014) was professor of archaeological heritage at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands. Previously he was Dean of the Faculty, after a career at the State Antiquities Service where he became director and Chief Archaeologist of the Netherlands.

read more









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