Religion, cults & rituals in the medieval rural environment

Religion, Kulte und Rituale in der mittelalterlichen bäuerlichen Umgebung | Réligion, cultes et rituels au milieu rural médiéval

Edited by Christiane Bis-Worch & Claudia Theune | 2017

Religion, cults & rituals in the medieval rural environment

Religion, Kulte und Rituale in der mittelalterlichen bäuerlichen Umgebung | Réligion, cultes et rituels au milieu rural médiéval

Edited by Christiane Bis-Worch & Claudia Theune | 2017

ISBN: 9789088904868

Imprint: Sidestone Press Academics | Format: 210x280mm | 400 pp. | Ruralia XI | Language: Various | 91 illus. (bw) | 71 illus. (fc) | Category: medieval archaeology, history, middle ages, rural life, religious places, cult places, holy sites, burial practices, execution sites, objects with religious character | download cover

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  • Bookinfo

    ISBN: 9789088904868

    Imprint: Sidestone Press Academics | Format: 210x280mm | 400 pp. | Ruralia XI | Language: Various | 91 illus. (bw) | 71 illus. (fc) | Category: medieval archaeology, history, middle ages, rural life, religious places, cult places, holy sites, burial practices, execution sites, objects with religious character | download cover

The study of belief, faith and religious practices can provide a deep insight into historical societies, whether Christian, Muslim, Jewish or pagan. They form a constant of human behaviour. Through religion, cult and rituals, multi-layered and complex cultural norms are expressed, demonstrating group affiliation. However, popular devotion and belief in a rural environment can include practices that are out with those of the official religion.

Some of these practices discussed in this book can be investigated through archaeology. Important religious sites like churches, monasteries, mosques and synagogues as well as caves, holy wells and hermitages are discussed. Furthermore burials of children, revenants and the condemned are analysed, as they often deviate from normal practice and shed light on particular communities and their beliefs. Rituals concerning the protection of buildings and persons which focus on objects attributed with religious qualities are another area explored. Through archaeological research it is possible to gain an understanding of popular religion of medieval and early modern times and also to draw conclusions about religious ideas that are not written in documents. By bringing together these topics this book is of particular interest to scholars working in the field of archaeology, history and cultural anthropology.

The addressed subjects were the theme of an international conference of the RURALIA association held in Clervaux, Luxemburg, in September 2015. Ruralia promotes the archaeology of medieval settlement and rural life. Current research questions in rural archaeology are discussed in an European wide context. The aim is to strengthen the exchange of knowledge in, and the development of, archaeologically comparable studies, and to make archaeological results available to other disciplines.

This book contains papers in English, French and German

Foreword – Vorwort – Avant-Propos
Claudia Theune

Einleitung zum Tagungsband.
Christiane Bis-Worch

Past and Present meet: Contemporary expressions of faith along the Camino Frances. Observations by a modern pilgrim.
Bert Groenewoudt

Court-yard sites and their cultic context.
Frode Iversen

Anomaly or myth? Sami circular offering sites in medieval northern Norway.
Marte Spangen

Livs’ Offering Cave (Latvia): new discoveries.
Juris Urtāns

Les gravures de « la Table des Bergers ».
Frédéric Surmély

Struell : Bathing at midsummer and the origins of holy wells.
Finbar McCormick

Medieval Hermit Caves and Rock-Cut Hermitages in Great Britain.
James Bond

Klostergründungen – in mystischen Wäldern oder an urbaren Feldern?
Miriam Steinborn

Privately Founded Benedictine Monasteries in Medieval Hungary – a case study: Pétermonostora, the monastery and a settlement without written history.
Edit Sárosi – Szabolcs Rosta

The byzantine settlement of Shivta in the Negev desert and its churches: An analysis of their spatial arrangement within the settlement and its social implications.
Constanze Röhl

Réflexions topologiques sur les églises antérieures à 1050 dans l’ancien diocèse de Tongres-Maastricht-Liège.
Philippe Mignot – Frédéric Chantinne

Le site de Sainte-Catherine-de-Fierbois (Indre-et-Loire, France) : un nouvel exemple d’édifice religieux/funéraire alto-médiéval en contexte d’habitat rural.
Cyrille Ben Kaddour

Le phénomène de pierres antiques incorporées dans des édifices chrétiens au Grand-Duché du Luxembourg – état de recherche et nouvelles questions.
Estelle Michels

Rural mosques and settlements: some reflections from the Archaeology of al-Andalus (11th-13th centuries).
Jorge A. Eiroa

Landjudentum im nordbayerischen Franken. Geschichte und Archäologie.
Hans-Peter Süss

Priest houses in rural settlements of Medieval Hungary.
Tibor Ákos Rácz

Sépultures des marges et sépultures marginales : sur quelques exemples médiévaux de la moitié sud de la France.
Yves Gleize

Rock-cut graves and cemeteries in the medieval rural landscape of the Viseu region (central Portugal).
Catarina Tente

A Place for the Ancestors: Early Medieval Burial Sites in the Central Area of the Iberian Peninsula.
Iñaki Martín Viso

Mortuary archaeology and variation in death culture in eastern North-Brabant (the Netherlands), c. 900-1900 AD.
Nico Arts

The identity of the community and the identity of the individual: the burial of the deceased within the settlement in the Middle Ages in Northern Croatia.
Siniša Krznar – Tatjana Tkalčec

A Village is pushed aside – The Pilgrimage with Stillborns to the Holy Shrine of the Virgin Mary in Oberbüren (Canton of Berne, Switzerland).
Daniel Gutscher

‘Deviant’ Burials in Rural Environment in the High Middle Ages – Ritual, the lack of ritual, or just another kind of it?
Mária Vargha

Der würdige und der unwürdige Tod im schlesischen Dorf des 13. bis 18. Jahrhunderts.
Paweł Duma

The investigation of traces of religious cults and practices in the medieval rural archaeology of Hungary.
Miklós Takács

Lay devotion in rural and urban contexts in Medieval Sweden.
Elisabet Regner

Brabantian fields, blessed land – A study about the origins of artefacts found in arable land.
J.P.W. (Johan) Verspay

“Building sacrifices“ and magical protection. A study at canton of Grisons (CH).
Iris Nießen

Building offerings from rural farms – folk beliefs with deeper roots.
Morten Søvsø

Archéologie des pratiques apotropaïques entre Lorraine et Luxembourg.
Jean-Marie Blaising

Zauberbohrungen, magische Zeichen und „Hexenbriefe“ – Spuren von Alltagsmagie in Bauernhäusern aus Nordwestdeutschland.
Heinrich Stiewe

Magical dwelling: apotropaic building practices in the New World Dutch cultural hearth.
Walter Richard Wheeler

Christiane Bis-Worch MA

Specialized in medieval and post-medieval archaeology, Christiane Bis-Worch (1966) is curator of the department for medieval and post-medieval archaeology at the Centre national de recherché archéologique (CNRA) since 2004. Her missions include, among others, the archaeological investigations on site and the dispatching of the obtained scientific results in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg.

read more

Prof. dr. Claudia Theune

Claudia Theune is Professor for Historical Archaeology at the University of Vienna with a special/great/deep interest in contemporary archaeology. Her main research fields are: Early Medieval funeral and social archaeology, Medieval archaeology of marginal landscapes, urban archaeology, as well as, Archaeology of the contemporary past (research projects in the former concentration camps of Sachsenhausen (Brandenburg, Germany), Mauthausen (Upper Austria, Austria) and its sub camps (Loibl-North, Carinthia, Austria; Gunskirchen, Upper Austria, Austria), massgrave Rechnitz (Burgenland, Austria), Five Islands, Trinidad and Tobago)

read more

Abstract:

The study of belief, faith and religious practices can provide a deep insight into historical societies, whether Christian, Muslim, Jewish or pagan. They form a constant of human behaviour. Through religion, cult and rituals, multi-layered and complex cultural norms are expressed, demonstrating group affiliation. However, popular devotion and belief in a rural environment can include practices that are out with those of the official religion.

Some of these practices discussed in this book can be investigated through archaeology. Important religious sites like churches, monasteries, mosques and synagogues as well as caves, holy wells and hermitages are discussed. Furthermore burials of children, revenants and the condemned are analysed, as they often deviate from normal practice and shed light on particular communities and their beliefs. Rituals concerning the protection of buildings and persons which focus on objects attributed with religious qualities are another area explored. Through archaeological research it is possible to gain an understanding of popular religion of medieval and early modern times and also to draw conclusions about religious ideas that are not written in documents. By bringing together these topics this book is of particular interest to scholars working in the field of archaeology, history and cultural anthropology.

The addressed subjects were the theme of an international conference of the RURALIA association held in Clervaux, Luxemburg, in September 2015. Ruralia promotes the archaeology of medieval settlement and rural life. Current research questions in rural archaeology are discussed in an European wide context. The aim is to strengthen the exchange of knowledge in, and the development of, archaeologically comparable studies, and to make archaeological results available to other disciplines.

This book contains papers in English, French and German

Contents

Foreword – Vorwort – Avant-Propos
Claudia Theune

Einleitung zum Tagungsband.
Christiane Bis-Worch

Past and Present meet: Contemporary expressions of faith along the Camino Frances. Observations by a modern pilgrim.
Bert Groenewoudt

Court-yard sites and their cultic context.
Frode Iversen

Anomaly or myth? Sami circular offering sites in medieval northern Norway.
Marte Spangen

Livs’ Offering Cave (Latvia): new discoveries.
Juris Urtāns

Les gravures de « la Table des Bergers ».
Frédéric Surmély

Struell : Bathing at midsummer and the origins of holy wells.
Finbar McCormick

Medieval Hermit Caves and Rock-Cut Hermitages in Great Britain.
James Bond

Klostergründungen – in mystischen Wäldern oder an urbaren Feldern?
Miriam Steinborn

Privately Founded Benedictine Monasteries in Medieval Hungary – a case study: Pétermonostora, the monastery and a settlement without written history.
Edit Sárosi – Szabolcs Rosta

The byzantine settlement of Shivta in the Negev desert and its churches: An analysis of their spatial arrangement within the settlement and its social implications.
Constanze Röhl

Réflexions topologiques sur les églises antérieures à 1050 dans l’ancien diocèse de Tongres-Maastricht-Liège.
Philippe Mignot – Frédéric Chantinne

Le site de Sainte-Catherine-de-Fierbois (Indre-et-Loire, France) : un nouvel exemple d’édifice religieux/funéraire alto-médiéval en contexte d’habitat rural.
Cyrille Ben Kaddour

Le phénomène de pierres antiques incorporées dans des édifices chrétiens au Grand-Duché du Luxembourg – état de recherche et nouvelles questions.
Estelle Michels

Rural mosques and settlements: some reflections from the Archaeology of al-Andalus (11th-13th centuries).
Jorge A. Eiroa

Landjudentum im nordbayerischen Franken. Geschichte und Archäologie.
Hans-Peter Süss

Priest houses in rural settlements of Medieval Hungary.
Tibor Ákos Rácz

Sépultures des marges et sépultures marginales : sur quelques exemples médiévaux de la moitié sud de la France.
Yves Gleize

Rock-cut graves and cemeteries in the medieval rural landscape of the Viseu region (central Portugal).
Catarina Tente

A Place for the Ancestors: Early Medieval Burial Sites in the Central Area of the Iberian Peninsula.
Iñaki Martín Viso

Mortuary archaeology and variation in death culture in eastern North-Brabant (the Netherlands), c. 900-1900 AD.
Nico Arts

The identity of the community and the identity of the individual: the burial of the deceased within the settlement in the Middle Ages in Northern Croatia.
Siniša Krznar – Tatjana Tkalčec

A Village is pushed aside – The Pilgrimage with Stillborns to the Holy Shrine of the Virgin Mary in Oberbüren (Canton of Berne, Switzerland).
Daniel Gutscher

‘Deviant’ Burials in Rural Environment in the High Middle Ages – Ritual, the lack of ritual, or just another kind of it?
Mária Vargha

Der würdige und der unwürdige Tod im schlesischen Dorf des 13. bis 18. Jahrhunderts.
Paweł Duma

The investigation of traces of religious cults and practices in the medieval rural archaeology of Hungary.
Miklós Takács

Lay devotion in rural and urban contexts in Medieval Sweden.
Elisabet Regner

Brabantian fields, blessed land – A study about the origins of artefacts found in arable land.
J.P.W. (Johan) Verspay

“Building sacrifices“ and magical protection. A study at canton of Grisons (CH).
Iris Nießen

Building offerings from rural farms – folk beliefs with deeper roots.
Morten Søvsø

Archéologie des pratiques apotropaïques entre Lorraine et Luxembourg.
Jean-Marie Blaising

Zauberbohrungen, magische Zeichen und „Hexenbriefe“ – Spuren von Alltagsmagie in Bauernhäusern aus Nordwestdeutschland.
Heinrich Stiewe

Magical dwelling: apotropaic building practices in the New World Dutch cultural hearth.
Walter Richard Wheeler

Christiane Bis-Worch MA

Specialized in medieval and post-medieval archaeology, Christiane Bis-Worch (1966) is curator of the department for medieval and post-medieval archaeology at the Centre national de recherché archéologique (CNRA) since 2004. Her missions include, among others, the archaeological investigations on site and the dispatching of the obtained scientific results in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg.

read more

Prof. dr. Claudia Theune

Claudia Theune is Professor for Historical Archaeology at the University of Vienna with a special/great/deep interest in contemporary archaeology. Her main research fields are: Early Medieval funeral and social archaeology, Medieval archaeology of marginal landscapes, urban archaeology, as well as, Archaeology of the contemporary past (research projects in the former concentration camps of Sachsenhausen (Brandenburg, Germany), Mauthausen (Upper Austria, Austria) and its sub camps (Loibl-North, Carinthia, Austria; Gunskirchen, Upper Austria, Austria), massgrave Rechnitz (Burgenland, Austria), Five Islands, Trinidad and Tobago)

read more









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