Megalithic monuments and social structures

Comparative studies on recent and Funnel Beaker societies

Maria Wunderlich | Forthcoming

Megalithic monuments and social structures

Comparative studies on recent and Funnel Beaker societies

Maria Wunderlich | Forthcoming

ISBN: 9789088907869

Imprint: Sidestone Press Academics | Format: 210x280mm | ca. 450 pp. | Scales of Transformation 05 | Series: Scales of Transformation | Language: English | 114 illus. (bw) | 246 illus. (fc) | Keywords: Megalithic graves, monumentality, Funnel Beaker Complex, ethnoarchaeology, Sumba, Nagaland, social organisation, cooperation | download cover

Publication date: 07-11-2019

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    ISBN: 9789088907869

    Imprint: Sidestone Press Academics | Format: 210x280mm | ca. 450 pp. | Scales of Transformation 05 | Series: Scales of Transformation | Language: English | 114 illus. (bw) | 246 illus. (fc) | Keywords: Megalithic graves, monumentality, Funnel Beaker Complex, ethnoarchaeology, Sumba, Nagaland, social organisation, cooperation | download cover

    Publication date: 07-11-2019

Megalith building constitutes not only a past, but also a recent phenomenon, which is still practised today. The documentation and interpretation of recent megalith building traditions is offering potential aid in the interpretation of prehistoric monuments. Fieldwork in Sumba and Nagaland set up a frame to answer questions such as: Who is buried in the megalithic tombs and what kind of commemoration is connected to megalithic monuments? How are socioeconomic characteristics of the associated households and societies reflected in the megaliths?

Megalithic monuments and social structures includes various archaeological and ethnoarchaeological case studies on social implications of megalith building activities from a comparative perspective. The case studies presented include recent megalith building traditions in Sumba, Indonesia, Nagaland, North-East India, as well as Neolithic Funnel Beaker communities in today’s Northern Germany and Southern Sweden.

This book presents a rich body of new data. By taking into account recent examples of megalithic construction, knowledge on important and influential ways of acting within societal contexts was expanded, whereby above all decentralised and communally-designed mechanisms are important. The case studies presented here clearly demonstrate the importance of cooperative and competitive structures and their effect on feasting activities and megalith building. Additionally, megalithic monuments represent a way of expressing and materialising economic inequality and social prestige. These mechanism and aspects also represent interpretations regarding Funnel Baker societies, which can supplement the existing ideas of megalithic construction in Neolithic Northern Europe.

Foreword and acknowledgement

1 Introduction
1.1 Research questions and scientific approach
1.2 Megaliths as a worldwide phenomenon: Space and time of investigation

2 History of research: Megalithic monuments
2.1 Functional interpretations
2.2 Symbolic and ideological interpretations
2.3 Megalithic tombs in their active use
2.4 Megalithic tombs and social differentiation

3 Theoretical background
3.1 Theoretical background of the concept of monumentality
3.2 Cultural memory in pre-modern societies
3.3 The relationship between subsistence strategies and the extent of social differentiation/inequality
3.4 Political and ritual economy
3.5 Excursus: Lineage and Clan structures
3.6 Summary

4 Methodology
4.1 The examination parameters
4.2 Ethnoarchaeological research and the use of analogies

5 The Ethnoarchaeological case studies: Sumba and Nagaland
5.1 Ethnoarchaeological Case Study 1: Sumba
5.2 Ethnoarchaeological case study 2: Nagaland
5.3. Ethnoarchaeological case studies: Summary

6 The archaeological case studies: Funnel Beaker societies in present-day northern Germany and Scania
6.1 Archaeological Case Study 1: Funnel Beaker societies in northern Germany
6.2 Comparison of two archaeological regions: Northern Germany and Scania

7 Synthesis
7.1 The different models
7.2 Comparison and synthesis

8 Summary

References
Appendix: Photos of the ethnoarchaeological field work

Dr. Maria Wunderlich

Maria Wunderlich is currently a Lecturer and Research Fellow at the Institute of Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology, Kiel University. Being interested in social archaeology and comparative analyses, she combines different theoretical approaches with material data derived both in recent and archaeological contexts. She obtained her doctoral degree (Dr. phil) in 2018.

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Abstract:

Megalith building constitutes not only a past, but also a recent phenomenon, which is still practised today. The documentation and interpretation of recent megalith building traditions is offering potential aid in the interpretation of prehistoric monuments. Fieldwork in Sumba and Nagaland set up a frame to answer questions such as: Who is buried in the megalithic tombs and what kind of commemoration is connected to megalithic monuments? How are socioeconomic characteristics of the associated households and societies reflected in the megaliths?

Megalithic monuments and social structures includes various archaeological and ethnoarchaeological case studies on social implications of megalith building activities from a comparative perspective. The case studies presented include recent megalith building traditions in Sumba, Indonesia, Nagaland, North-East India, as well as Neolithic Funnel Beaker communities in today’s Northern Germany and Southern Sweden.

This book presents a rich body of new data. By taking into account recent examples of megalithic construction, knowledge on important and influential ways of acting within societal contexts was expanded, whereby above all decentralised and communally-designed mechanisms are important. The case studies presented here clearly demonstrate the importance of cooperative and competitive structures and their effect on feasting activities and megalith building. Additionally, megalithic monuments represent a way of expressing and materialising economic inequality and social prestige. These mechanism and aspects also represent interpretations regarding Funnel Baker societies, which can supplement the existing ideas of megalithic construction in Neolithic Northern Europe.

Contents

Foreword and acknowledgement

1 Introduction
1.1 Research questions and scientific approach
1.2 Megaliths as a worldwide phenomenon: Space and time of investigation

2 History of research: Megalithic monuments
2.1 Functional interpretations
2.2 Symbolic and ideological interpretations
2.3 Megalithic tombs in their active use
2.4 Megalithic tombs and social differentiation

3 Theoretical background
3.1 Theoretical background of the concept of monumentality
3.2 Cultural memory in pre-modern societies
3.3 The relationship between subsistence strategies and the extent of social differentiation/inequality
3.4 Political and ritual economy
3.5 Excursus: Lineage and Clan structures
3.6 Summary

4 Methodology
4.1 The examination parameters
4.2 Ethnoarchaeological research and the use of analogies

5 The Ethnoarchaeological case studies: Sumba and Nagaland
5.1 Ethnoarchaeological Case Study 1: Sumba
5.2 Ethnoarchaeological case study 2: Nagaland
5.3. Ethnoarchaeological case studies: Summary

6 The archaeological case studies: Funnel Beaker societies in present-day northern Germany and Scania
6.1 Archaeological Case Study 1: Funnel Beaker societies in northern Germany
6.2 Comparison of two archaeological regions: Northern Germany and Scania

7 Synthesis
7.1 The different models
7.2 Comparison and synthesis

8 Summary

References
Appendix: Photos of the ethnoarchaeological field work

Dr. Maria Wunderlich

Maria Wunderlich is currently a Lecturer and Research Fellow at the Institute of Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology, Kiel University. Being interested in social archaeology and comparative analyses, she combines different theoretical approaches with material data derived both in recent and archaeological contexts. She obtained her doctoral degree (Dr. phil) in 2018.

read more









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