Living (World) Heritage Cities

Opportunities, challenges, and future perspectives of people-centered approaches in dynamic historic urban landscapes

Edited by Maaike S. de Waal, Ilaria Rosetti, Mara de Groot & Uditha Jinadasa | Forthcoming

Living (World) Heritage Cities

Opportunities, challenges, and future perspectives of people-centered approaches in dynamic historic urban landscapes

Edited by Maaike S. de Waal, Ilaria Rosetti, Mara de Groot & Uditha Jinadasa | Forthcoming


Paperback ISBN: 9789464261424 | Hardback ISBN: 9789464261431 | Imprint: Sidestone Press | Format: 210x280mm | ca. 250 pp. | Language: English | 3 illus. (bw) | 84 illus. (fc) | Keywords: living heritage; urban development; Historic Urban Landscape (HUL); Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA); COVID-19 | download cover

Publication date: 13-12-2022

We will plant a tree for each order containing a paperback or hardback book via OneTreePlanted.org.

Cities are in a constant process of change and are the theater of interaction among people and their complex, historically multi-layered, culturally diverse living environment. Therefore, various interests, needs, and values affect these dynamics of interaction and urban change, which bring challenges and opportunities for the development of cities. Particularly, when urban development deals with such complex living environment and the management and conservation of both listed and non-listed heritage – as in the case of World Heritage cities – a variety of public and private, and global and local stakeholders are affected by processes of change.

Inclusive approaches in the negotiation of these changes that involve all these actors is increasingly advocated for a more sustainable urban development. In the past three decades, the emergence of the so-called living heritage approach promotes the empowerment of those communities, groups, and individuals that keep heritage alive in participating in decision-making over the management of urban developments, and heritage management and conservation that affect them. The preservation of their continuous relationship with their heritage is considered key to fostering the mutual benefit of cities, heritage, and society. While research worldwide offers examples of best practices, the implementation of these approaches still faces many barriers and new challenges.

This book aims to explore how (World) Heritage Cities are dealing with the preservation of their living heritage, what is needed for its effective management, what approaches are adopted, and what challenges and opportunities are encountered. Results offer an overview of current practices, which also include some of the first testimonies of their evolution in the time of a global pandemic (COVID-19), that can inform future research and urban strategies.

LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES

FOREWORD
Francesca Giliberto

INTRODUCTION

Living (World) Heritage Cities. An introduction
Maaike S. de Waal, Ilaria Rosetti, Uditha Jinadasa, & Mara de Groot

SECTION ONE: VALUES AND USES OF URBAN HERITAGE

Free space as an antidote to monoculture in heritage cities: An essay on the potential of interstitial wastelands
Karin Stadhouders

Priceless but precious: How residents feel attached to a city ruin. The ancient city of Shekhem (Tell Balata, Palestine) as living heritage
Monique H. van den Dries, Krijn Boom, Ihab Daoud, Dergham Fares, Arnout van Rhijn, & Sjoerd van der Linde

Public decision-making in living multi-layered cities: Hacı Bayram District of Ankara, Turkey
Özgün Özçakır, Ayşe Güliz Bilgin Altınöz and Anna Mignosa

Heritage City: Building the Historic Environment – Values and Uses – Urban Regeneration at King’s Cross Central, London
Caroline Donnellan

The Practice of Backgammon in the Parks of Tehran: Characteristics, Challenges, and Motivations in Safeguarding Intangible Heritage
Mona Momeni

SECTION TWO: WORLD HERITAGE CHALLENGES

Between opportunity and challenge: Mayors’ perspective on participatory heritage practices in World Heritage Cities
Ilaria Rosetti, Ana Pereira Roders, & Marc Jacobs

Galle Fort: The Gentrification of South Asia’s World Heritage
Uditha Jinadasa

Adaptation of circular models for global heritage cities: regeneration in vicinity to Istanbul World Heritage Site as a case study
Deniz Ikiz Kaya

Challenges and successes in a Living World Heritage City. Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison, Barbados
Maaike S. de Waal

SECTION THREE: HERITAGE IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND HISTORIC URBAN LANDSCAPE APPROACHES

The development of HIA instruments for Indonesian heritage cities
Punto Wijayanto

The heritage impact assessment of Valparaíso (Chile) and the challenges of the historic urban landscape approach for its elaboration
Martín Andrade-Pérez & Juan Luis Isaza-Londoño

Heritage Impact Assessment method in the protection of cultural heritage; Iranian cases
Hassan Bazazzadeh, Seyedeh sara Hashemi safaei & Asma Mehan

Saving an ancient irrigation canal in Lima, Peru: the experience of a citizen’s campaign
Javier Lizarzaburu

SECTION FOUR: HERITAGE CITIES IN TIMES OF A GLOBAL PANDEMIC

‘I can see through the water’s eyes’. COVID-19 in Heritage Cities: Citizen Participation and Self-Organization for greater Conservation and Sustainability. The case of Venezia Pulita (Clean Venice)
Bruno de Andrade

Reimagining the City: Exploring the Implications of COVID-19 for Living (World) Heritage Cities
Eldris Con Aguilar

Towards a tourism of proximity: small historical centers as catalysts of new living models
Mariacristina Giambruno, Sonia Pistidda, Benedetta Silva & Francesca Vigotti

Urban Heritage as the Anchor for an Uncertain Future? The City of Turku and the COVID-19 crisis
Visa Immonen & Maija Mäki

The Restart and Revitalization of Heritage Tourism in the Post-Pandemic Era: A Case Study of Xi’an, China
Zhaoyang Sun & Tao Xue

EPILOGUE

Epilogue
Maaike S. de Waal, Ilaria Rosetti, & Francesca Giliberto

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

AUTHOR BIOGRAPHIES

Dr. Maaike S. De Waal

Maaike S. De Waal (PhD, Leiden University) is assistant professor and head of the Field Research and Education Centre at the Faculty of Archaeology of Leiden University (the Netherlands). She is also a partner in ARGEOgraph, an archaeological company specializing in geoinformatics in archaeology. Previously, she was lecturing in archaeology at the University of the West Indies (Barbados). Her research interests include archaeological heritage management, applied archaeology, landscape archaeology, and Caribbean archaeology and heritage. ‘Pre-Colonial and Post-Contact Archaeology in Barbados: past, present and future research directions’ (De Waal, M.S., Finneran, N., Reilly, M., Armstrong, D.V. and Farmer, K., Sidestone Press, 2019) is one of her recent publications.

read more

Dr. Ilaria Rosetti

Ilaria Rosetti was a PhD candidate at the University of Antwerp (ARCHES research group) and visiting researcher at TUDelft (HEVA chair). Her research focuses on the role(s) that participation in heritage practices can play in achieving sustainable urban development. Her experience includes projects for public and private institutions, both in the academic and professional sphere, within fields of cultural policy, sustainable tourism, community engagement, and strategies for the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

read more

Drs. Mara De Groot

Mara De Groot studied Archaeology (VU Amsterdam, 1996-2001; University of Melbourne, 2000). In 2005 she started working for the Netherlands Cultural Heritage Agency (RCE) as an Archaeological Information Specialist. In 2009 Mara got the opportunity to work for the Shared Heritage program of the Nationaal Archief (National Archives) and the RCE, focusing on heritage from Dutch exploration, trade, colonialism, conflict and migration worldwide. Ambitions of the Shared Heritage program are preservation through development, capacity building and improving access to heritage. Since 2014 Mara has been working as Managing Director for the Centre for Global Heritage and Development, a Leiden-Delft-Erasmus initiative.

read more

Dr Uditha Jinadasa

Uditha Jinadasa is a lecturer attached to the Department of Archaeology (Faculty of Arts) in University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. Uditha obtained her PhD from Leiden University in 2020 defending the thesis “Changes in the Cultural Landscape and their Impacts on Heritage Management: A Study of Dutch Fort at Galle, Sri Lanka.” She has a bachelor’s degree in archaeology and a master’s degree in Geo-Informatics, both obtained from University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

read more

Abstract:

Cities are in a constant process of change and are the theater of interaction among people and their complex, historically multi-layered, culturally diverse living environment. Therefore, various interests, needs, and values affect these dynamics of interaction and urban change, which bring challenges and opportunities for the development of cities. Particularly, when urban development deals with such complex living environment and the management and conservation of both listed and non-listed heritage – as in the case of World Heritage cities – a variety of public and private, and global and local stakeholders are affected by processes of change.

Inclusive approaches in the negotiation of these changes that involve all these actors is increasingly advocated for a more sustainable urban development. In the past three decades, the emergence of the so-called living heritage approach promotes the empowerment of those communities, groups, and individuals that keep heritage alive in participating in decision-making over the management of urban developments, and heritage management and conservation that affect them. The preservation of their continuous relationship with their heritage is considered key to fostering the mutual benefit of cities, heritage, and society. While research worldwide offers examples of best practices, the implementation of these approaches still faces many barriers and new challenges.

This book aims to explore how (World) Heritage Cities are dealing with the preservation of their living heritage, what is needed for its effective management, what approaches are adopted, and what challenges and opportunities are encountered. Results offer an overview of current practices, which also include some of the first testimonies of their evolution in the time of a global pandemic (COVID-19), that can inform future research and urban strategies.

Contents

LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES

FOREWORD
Francesca Giliberto

INTRODUCTION

Living (World) Heritage Cities. An introduction
Maaike S. de Waal, Ilaria Rosetti, Uditha Jinadasa, & Mara de Groot

SECTION ONE: VALUES AND USES OF URBAN HERITAGE

Free space as an antidote to monoculture in heritage cities: An essay on the potential of interstitial wastelands
Karin Stadhouders

Priceless but precious: How residents feel attached to a city ruin. The ancient city of Shekhem (Tell Balata, Palestine) as living heritage
Monique H. van den Dries, Krijn Boom, Ihab Daoud, Dergham Fares, Arnout van Rhijn, & Sjoerd van der Linde

Public decision-making in living multi-layered cities: Hacı Bayram District of Ankara, Turkey
Özgün Özçakır, Ayşe Güliz Bilgin Altınöz and Anna Mignosa

Heritage City: Building the Historic Environment – Values and Uses – Urban Regeneration at King’s Cross Central, London
Caroline Donnellan

The Practice of Backgammon in the Parks of Tehran: Characteristics, Challenges, and Motivations in Safeguarding Intangible Heritage
Mona Momeni

SECTION TWO: WORLD HERITAGE CHALLENGES

Between opportunity and challenge: Mayors’ perspective on participatory heritage practices in World Heritage Cities
Ilaria Rosetti, Ana Pereira Roders, & Marc Jacobs

Galle Fort: The Gentrification of South Asia’s World Heritage
Uditha Jinadasa

Adaptation of circular models for global heritage cities: regeneration in vicinity to Istanbul World Heritage Site as a case study
Deniz Ikiz Kaya

Challenges and successes in a Living World Heritage City. Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison, Barbados
Maaike S. de Waal

SECTION THREE: HERITAGE IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND HISTORIC URBAN LANDSCAPE APPROACHES

The development of HIA instruments for Indonesian heritage cities
Punto Wijayanto

The heritage impact assessment of Valparaíso (Chile) and the challenges of the historic urban landscape approach for its elaboration
Martín Andrade-Pérez & Juan Luis Isaza-Londoño

Heritage Impact Assessment method in the protection of cultural heritage; Iranian cases
Hassan Bazazzadeh, Seyedeh sara Hashemi safaei & Asma Mehan

Saving an ancient irrigation canal in Lima, Peru: the experience of a citizen’s campaign
Javier Lizarzaburu

SECTION FOUR: HERITAGE CITIES IN TIMES OF A GLOBAL PANDEMIC

‘I can see through the water’s eyes’. COVID-19 in Heritage Cities: Citizen Participation and Self-Organization for greater Conservation and Sustainability. The case of Venezia Pulita (Clean Venice)
Bruno de Andrade

Reimagining the City: Exploring the Implications of COVID-19 for Living (World) Heritage Cities
Eldris Con Aguilar

Towards a tourism of proximity: small historical centers as catalysts of new living models
Mariacristina Giambruno, Sonia Pistidda, Benedetta Silva & Francesca Vigotti

Urban Heritage as the Anchor for an Uncertain Future? The City of Turku and the COVID-19 crisis
Visa Immonen & Maija Mäki

The Restart and Revitalization of Heritage Tourism in the Post-Pandemic Era: A Case Study of Xi’an, China
Zhaoyang Sun & Tao Xue

EPILOGUE

Epilogue
Maaike S. de Waal, Ilaria Rosetti, & Francesca Giliberto

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

AUTHOR BIOGRAPHIES

Dr. Maaike S. De Waal

Maaike S. De Waal (PhD, Leiden University) is assistant professor and head of the Field Research and Education Centre at the Faculty of Archaeology of Leiden University (the Netherlands). She is also a partner in ARGEOgraph, an archaeological company specializing in geoinformatics in archaeology. Previously, she was lecturing in archaeology at the University of the West Indies (Barbados). Her research interests include archaeological heritage management, applied archaeology, landscape archaeology, and Caribbean archaeology and heritage. ‘Pre-Colonial and Post-Contact Archaeology in Barbados: past, present and future research directions’ (De Waal, M.S., Finneran, N., Reilly, M., Armstrong, D.V. and Farmer, K., Sidestone Press, 2019) is one of her recent publications.

read more

Dr. Ilaria Rosetti

Ilaria Rosetti was a PhD candidate at the University of Antwerp (ARCHES research group) and visiting researcher at TUDelft (HEVA chair). Her research focuses on the role(s) that participation in heritage practices can play in achieving sustainable urban development. Her experience includes projects for public and private institutions, both in the academic and professional sphere, within fields of cultural policy, sustainable tourism, community engagement, and strategies for the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

read more

Drs. Mara De Groot

Mara De Groot studied Archaeology (VU Amsterdam, 1996-2001; University of Melbourne, 2000). In 2005 she started working for the Netherlands Cultural Heritage Agency (RCE) as an Archaeological Information Specialist. In 2009 Mara got the opportunity to work for the Shared Heritage program of the Nationaal Archief (National Archives) and the RCE, focusing on heritage from Dutch exploration, trade, colonialism, conflict and migration worldwide. Ambitions of the Shared Heritage program are preservation through development, capacity building and improving access to heritage. Since 2014 Mara has been working as Managing Director for the Centre for Global Heritage and Development, a Leiden-Delft-Erasmus initiative.

read more

Dr Uditha Jinadasa

Uditha Jinadasa is a lecturer attached to the Department of Archaeology (Faculty of Arts) in University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. Uditha obtained her PhD from Leiden University in 2020 defending the thesis “Changes in the Cultural Landscape and their Impacts on Heritage Management: A Study of Dutch Fort at Galle, Sri Lanka.” She has a bachelor’s degree in archaeology and a master’s degree in Geo-Informatics, both obtained from University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

read more










We will plant a tree for each order containing a paperback or hardback book via OneTreePlanted.org.


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