Death Revisited

The excavation of three Bronze Age barrows and surrounding landscape at Apeldoorn-Wieselseweg

Arjan Louwen & David Fontijn | 2019

Death Revisited

The excavation of three Bronze Age barrows and surrounding landscape at Apeldoorn-Wieselseweg

Arjan Louwen & David Fontijn | 2019


Paperback ISBN: 9789088905803 | Hardback ISBN: 9789088905810 | Imprint: Sidestone Press | Format: 210x280mm | 188 pp. | Language: English | 10 illus. (bw) | 130 illus. (fc) | Keywords: prehistory, funerary archaeology, barrows, cremation graves, funerary practice, landscape archaeology, bronze age | download cover

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This book presents a group of small and inconspicuous barrows that were recently discovered in the forest of Apeldoorn, the Netherlands. They are part of an extensive barrow landscape of which little was yet known. Fieldwork carried out in and around them yielded a wealth of new data. It was discovered that even the most inconspicuous and heavily damaged mound of this group still contained many special features.

This special place was anchored around a site that probably had a particular significance in the Late Neolithic, and where special rituals were carried out during the Bronze Age, resulting in the construction of an enigmatic row of pits – rituals the likes of which have not previously been attested around barrows in the Netherlands, but which are known elsewhere in Europe. The dead were buried at locations that were probably only later covered by monuments. During the Bronze Age (between the 18th and 15th centuries BC) the mounds of this small barrow group were used as collective graves for what was probably perceived as one specific ‘community of ancestors’.

The burial practices in the mounds show strong similarities and it is argued that these barrows were each other’s successors, representing the funeral history of people who wished to unite their forebears in death as one unproblematic whole without distinctions. The fieldwork showed that even small-scale, partial excavations of a seemingly minor barrow group can inform us on the significance of the extensive barrow landscapes they are part of – a knowledge that can help us to understand the prehistoric legacy of the Netherlands and to protect it for the future as heritage.

1. Introduction
David Fontijn, Arjan Louwen

2. Research plan and methodology
Cristian van der Linde, Arjan Louwen

3. Physical geography and site formation processes
Arjan Louwen

4. Archaeological and historical context
Arjan Louwen

5. Results landscape related research
Arjan Louwen, Cristian van der Linde, Marieke Doorenbosch, Hans Huisman

6. The surroundings of the four barrows of Monument 145
Arjan Louwen, David Fontijn & Cristian van der Linde

7. Mound 1
Arjan Louwen, Quentin Bourgeois & David Fontijn

8. Mound 2
Arjan Louwen, David Fontijn, Cristian van der Linde, Maurits Pruysen, Liesbeth Smits & Erica van Hees

9. Mound 3
Arjan Louwen, David Fontijn, Cristian van der Linde, Patrick Valentijn, Liesbeth Smits & Erica van Hees

10. The surroundings of the barrow group of Apeldoorn-Wieselseweg
Arjan Louwen, David Fontijn & Cristian van der Linde

11. The barrow landscape of Apeldoorn-Wieselseweg in context
David Fontijn & Arjan Louwen

Appendix 1. Summary of the analysis of the cremated remains of Apeldoorn – Wieselseweg
Liesbeth Smits

Dr. Arjan Louwen

Arjan Louwen (1986) studied ‘Prehistory of Northwest Europe’ at Leiden University. Already as a student he developed a keen interest in funerary archaeology and took part in several key-excavations of prehistoric barrows and urnfields. After graduation in 2010, Arjan has worked alternatingly in commercial archaeology (Archol bv. Leiden) and for Leiden University as a field archaeologist. Since 2012 he has worked full-time at Leiden University, first as a teacher and field director, later as PhD-student. His PhD-research revolved around the funerary practices associated with the urnfields in the Lower-Rhine-Basin. Arjan is currently still working at Leiden University as a teacher and trains students in their first field skills.

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Prof. dr. David Fontijn

David Fontijn is professor in the Archaeology of Early Europe at the Faculty of Archaeology, University of Leiden, the Netherlands. His research deals with the early agrarian societies of Europe from prehistory up until the early historical period, with special attention to the Bronze Age and (early) Iron Age, the exchange and deposition of metalwork and on the archaeology of so-called “ritual” landscapes. He is currently leading the NWO-VICI project “Economies of Destruction” investigating the puzzling destruction of valuable objects in Bronze Age Europe (2015-).

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Abstract:

This book presents a group of small and inconspicuous barrows that were recently discovered in the forest of Apeldoorn, the Netherlands. They are part of an extensive barrow landscape of which little was yet known. Fieldwork carried out in and around them yielded a wealth of new data. It was discovered that even the most inconspicuous and heavily damaged mound of this group still contained many special features.

This special place was anchored around a site that probably had a particular significance in the Late Neolithic, and where special rituals were carried out during the Bronze Age, resulting in the construction of an enigmatic row of pits – rituals the likes of which have not previously been attested around barrows in the Netherlands, but which are known elsewhere in Europe. The dead were buried at locations that were probably only later covered by monuments. During the Bronze Age (between the 18th and 15th centuries BC) the mounds of this small barrow group were used as collective graves for what was probably perceived as one specific ‘community of ancestors’.

The burial practices in the mounds show strong similarities and it is argued that these barrows were each other’s successors, representing the funeral history of people who wished to unite their forebears in death as one unproblematic whole without distinctions. The fieldwork showed that even small-scale, partial excavations of a seemingly minor barrow group can inform us on the significance of the extensive barrow landscapes they are part of – a knowledge that can help us to understand the prehistoric legacy of the Netherlands and to protect it for the future as heritage.

Contents

1. Introduction
David Fontijn, Arjan Louwen

2. Research plan and methodology
Cristian van der Linde, Arjan Louwen

3. Physical geography and site formation processes
Arjan Louwen

4. Archaeological and historical context
Arjan Louwen

5. Results landscape related research
Arjan Louwen, Cristian van der Linde, Marieke Doorenbosch, Hans Huisman

6. The surroundings of the four barrows of Monument 145
Arjan Louwen, David Fontijn & Cristian van der Linde

7. Mound 1
Arjan Louwen, Quentin Bourgeois & David Fontijn

8. Mound 2
Arjan Louwen, David Fontijn, Cristian van der Linde, Maurits Pruysen, Liesbeth Smits & Erica van Hees

9. Mound 3
Arjan Louwen, David Fontijn, Cristian van der Linde, Patrick Valentijn, Liesbeth Smits & Erica van Hees

10. The surroundings of the barrow group of Apeldoorn-Wieselseweg
Arjan Louwen, David Fontijn & Cristian van der Linde

11. The barrow landscape of Apeldoorn-Wieselseweg in context
David Fontijn & Arjan Louwen

Appendix 1. Summary of the analysis of the cremated remains of Apeldoorn – Wieselseweg
Liesbeth Smits

Dr. Arjan Louwen

Arjan Louwen (1986) studied ‘Prehistory of Northwest Europe’ at Leiden University. Already as a student he developed a keen interest in funerary archaeology and took part in several key-excavations of prehistoric barrows and urnfields. After graduation in 2010, Arjan has worked alternatingly in commercial archaeology (Archol bv. Leiden) and for Leiden University as a field archaeologist. Since 2012 he has worked full-time at Leiden University, first as a teacher and field director, later as PhD-student. His PhD-research revolved around the funerary practices associated with the urnfields in the Lower-Rhine-Basin. Arjan is currently still working at Leiden University as a teacher and trains students in their first field skills.

read more

Prof. dr. David Fontijn

David Fontijn is professor in the Archaeology of Early Europe at the Faculty of Archaeology, University of Leiden, the Netherlands. His research deals with the early agrarian societies of Europe from prehistory up until the early historical period, with special attention to the Bronze Age and (early) Iron Age, the exchange and deposition of metalwork and on the archaeology of so-called “ritual” landscapes. He is currently leading the NWO-VICI project “Economies of Destruction” investigating the puzzling destruction of valuable objects in Bronze Age Europe (2015-).

read more










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