Archaeology and Geomatics

Harvesting the benefits of 10 years of training in the Iberian Peninsula (2006-2015)

Edited by Victorino Mayoral Herrera, César Parcero-Oubiña & Pastor Fábrega-Álvarez | 2017

Archaeology and Geomatics

Harvesting the benefits of 10 years of training in the Iberian Peninsula (2006-2015)

Edited by Victorino Mayoral Herrera, César Parcero-Oubiña & Pastor Fábrega-Álvarez | 2017

ISBN: 9789088904516

Imprint: Sidestone Press | Format: 182x257mm | 304 pp. | Language: English | 80 illus. (bw) | 35 illus. (fc) | Category: digital archaeology; geomatics; GIS; mapping; remote sensing; prospection; spatial analysis; landscape archaeology; LIDAR; photogrammetry | download cover

Digital technologies have numerous applications in archaeology ranging from the documentation of the archaeological evidence and the analysis of research data to the presentation of results for a wider audience. This volume consists of various studies on the use of methods such as LiDAR (light detection and ranging), archaeological prospection, visibility, mobility and the analysis of the spatial distribution of archaeological objects, applied in various contexts. The case studies vary widely and include the Late Pleistocene in the Northern Iberian Peninsula, the Roman Republican period in Southern Italy, the Formative period in the Andes and the 1936-39 Spanish Civil War.

In 2005 a (then) pioneering postgraduate course on the applicability of digital geospatial technologies for archaeology was launched in Spain. Quite unexpectedly, the course has been alive annually for more than 10 years so far, having trained around 300 young archaeologists from Spain, Portugal, and Latin America in the critical use of nowadays popular tools such as GIS, GPS, remote sensing and LiDAR for the documentation and analysis of the archaeological record.

To commemorate the first 10 years of the course, a conference was organized in Mérida (Spain) in October 2015. Former students were invited to present and discuss their research in which these technologies were used intensively; this edited book is a selection of those contributions. Through a series of widely varying case-studies, both technically sophisticated and theoretically informed applications of such digital technologies are presented.

All the contributors are young researchers, either young doctors or doctorate students, coming from fairly varied archaeological contexts and approaches.

Introduction

Unboxing the black box. Lessons learnt from ten years of teaching geospatial technologies to archaeologists.
by Victorino Mayoral Herrera, César Parcero-Oubiña and Pastor Fábrega-Álvarez

Section 1. Shapes and locations. Documenting and characterizing the archaeological record

Pursuing ancient rural life through surface survey: composition and diversity of artifact distributions.
by Luis Antonio Sevillano Perea

Experiments on Roman surface scatters through digital survey methods: study cases from Odra-Pisuerga region, (Burgos, Spain).
by Jesús García Sánchez

Scope and limitations of airborne LiDAR technology for the detection and analysis of Roman military settlements in Northwest Iberia.
by José Manuel Costa García and João Fonte

Making Visible the Invisible: Low Cost Methodologies for the Study of Ancient Carvings.
by Miguel Carrero-Pazos, Benito Vilas-Estévez and Alia Vázquez-Martínez

Section 2. Tools and methods. Procedural approaches

Methods for the evaluation of the visualization of archaeological sites
by Pablo Paniego Díaz

Landscapes on the move. Digitally exploring the relationship between megaliths and mobility in Northern Cáceres (Spain).
by Jose M. Señorán Martín

The answer is blowing in the wind: a method to measure wind-protection as a criterion for settlement in the past.
by Marcos García García

Section 3. Patterns, behaviour, decisions. Analysing the archaeological evidence

Application of GIS to flint management studies during the Pleistocene to Holocene transition: the case of Baltzola (Dima, Bizkaia, Spain).
by Maite García-Rojas, Alejandro Prieto, Aitor Sánchez, Cristina Camarero and Lydia Zapata

The Archaeology of Rock Art as Archaeology of the Mediterranean Landscape.
by María Sebatián López

Building landscapes: a landform approach for the Iron Age sites in the Upper Duero River.
by Raquel Liceras-Garrido, Enrique Cerrillo-Cuenca and Alfredo Jimeno-Martínez

GIS contribution to the analysis of the distribution of Roman caves between the Ebro River and the Pyrenees.
by Leticia Tobalina Pulido, Benoît Pace and Alain Campo

The potential of the Geographic Information Techniques for the analysis of the morphology and settlement patterns of the Roman military sites of early imperial era in Iberia.
by José Manuel Costa-García

Centering Tafí: A political approach to the landscape of a Southern Andes Formative community.
by Jordi A. López Lillo

Landscapes of War. GIS applications in the study of the Spanish Civil War.
by Manuel Antonio Franco Fernández and Pedro Rodríguez Simón

Section 4. Archaeology and the public. Disseminating to a wider audience

Geographic Information Systems: an effective tool for the management of the Cultural Heritage of Cantabria.
by Gustavo Sanz Palomera

A map for Gondar. Cartographic system for the touristic development of the Amhara Region (Ethiopia)
by Cristina Charro Lobato, Eduardo Martín Agúndez and Agustín Cabria Ramos

Discussion and comments
by Martijn van Leusen

Dr. Victorino Mayoral Herrera

Victorino Mayoral Herrera (Madrid, 1970; PhD, 2001, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain). Staff Scientist at the Instituto de Arqueología-Mérida (Merida Institute of Archaeology) (IAM), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Spanish National Research Council) (CSIC) in Spain. Before joining the IAM, he developed his career at the Complutense University of Madrid and in the Heritage Administration of the Autonomous Region of Extremadura.

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Dr. César Parcero-Oubiña

César Parcero-Oubiña (Santiago de Compostela, 1969; PhD, 2001, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain). Staff Scientist at the Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio (Institute of Heritage Sciences) (Incipit), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Spanish National Research Council) (CSIC) in Spain. Before joining the Incipit, he developed his career at the University of Santiago de Compostela.

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Pastor Fábrega-Álvarez MA

Pastor Fábrega-Álvarez (Ourense, 1978; MA, 2003, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain). Technical staff member at the Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio (Institute of Heritage Sciences) (Incipit), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Spanish National Research Council) (CSIC) in Spain. His fields of interest are the design of methodologies for analyzing and managing archaeological heritage from a geographic and landscape perspective.

read more

Abstract:

Digital technologies have numerous applications in archaeology ranging from the documentation of the archaeological evidence and the analysis of research data to the presentation of results for a wider audience. This volume consists of various studies on the use of methods such as LiDAR (light detection and ranging), archaeological prospection, visibility, mobility and the analysis of the spatial distribution of archaeological objects, applied in various contexts. The case studies vary widely and include the Late Pleistocene in the Northern Iberian Peninsula, the Roman Republican period in Southern Italy, the Formative period in the Andes and the 1936-39 Spanish Civil War.

In 2005 a (then) pioneering postgraduate course on the applicability of digital geospatial technologies for archaeology was launched in Spain. Quite unexpectedly, the course has been alive annually for more than 10 years so far, having trained around 300 young archaeologists from Spain, Portugal, and Latin America in the critical use of nowadays popular tools such as GIS, GPS, remote sensing and LiDAR for the documentation and analysis of the archaeological record.

To commemorate the first 10 years of the course, a conference was organized in Mérida (Spain) in October 2015. Former students were invited to present and discuss their research in which these technologies were used intensively; this edited book is a selection of those contributions. Through a series of widely varying case-studies, both technically sophisticated and theoretically informed applications of such digital technologies are presented.

All the contributors are young researchers, either young doctors or doctorate students, coming from fairly varied archaeological contexts and approaches.

Contents

Introduction

Unboxing the black box. Lessons learnt from ten years of teaching geospatial technologies to archaeologists.
by Victorino Mayoral Herrera, César Parcero-Oubiña and Pastor Fábrega-Álvarez

Section 1. Shapes and locations. Documenting and characterizing the archaeological record

Pursuing ancient rural life through surface survey: composition and diversity of artifact distributions.
by Luis Antonio Sevillano Perea

Experiments on Roman surface scatters through digital survey methods: study cases from Odra-Pisuerga region, (Burgos, Spain).
by Jesús García Sánchez

Scope and limitations of airborne LiDAR technology for the detection and analysis of Roman military settlements in Northwest Iberia.
by José Manuel Costa García and João Fonte

Making Visible the Invisible: Low Cost Methodologies for the Study of Ancient Carvings.
by Miguel Carrero-Pazos, Benito Vilas-Estévez and Alia Vázquez-Martínez

Section 2. Tools and methods. Procedural approaches

Methods for the evaluation of the visualization of archaeological sites
by Pablo Paniego Díaz

Landscapes on the move. Digitally exploring the relationship between megaliths and mobility in Northern Cáceres (Spain).
by Jose M. Señorán Martín

The answer is blowing in the wind: a method to measure wind-protection as a criterion for settlement in the past.
by Marcos García García

Section 3. Patterns, behaviour, decisions. Analysing the archaeological evidence

Application of GIS to flint management studies during the Pleistocene to Holocene transition: the case of Baltzola (Dima, Bizkaia, Spain).
by Maite García-Rojas, Alejandro Prieto, Aitor Sánchez, Cristina Camarero and Lydia Zapata

The Archaeology of Rock Art as Archaeology of the Mediterranean Landscape.
by María Sebatián López

Building landscapes: a landform approach for the Iron Age sites in the Upper Duero River.
by Raquel Liceras-Garrido, Enrique Cerrillo-Cuenca and Alfredo Jimeno-Martínez

GIS contribution to the analysis of the distribution of Roman caves between the Ebro River and the Pyrenees.
by Leticia Tobalina Pulido, Benoît Pace and Alain Campo

The potential of the Geographic Information Techniques for the analysis of the morphology and settlement patterns of the Roman military sites of early imperial era in Iberia.
by José Manuel Costa-García

Centering Tafí: A political approach to the landscape of a Southern Andes Formative community.
by Jordi A. López Lillo

Landscapes of War. GIS applications in the study of the Spanish Civil War.
by Manuel Antonio Franco Fernández and Pedro Rodríguez Simón

Section 4. Archaeology and the public. Disseminating to a wider audience

Geographic Information Systems: an effective tool for the management of the Cultural Heritage of Cantabria.
by Gustavo Sanz Palomera

A map for Gondar. Cartographic system for the touristic development of the Amhara Region (Ethiopia)
by Cristina Charro Lobato, Eduardo Martín Agúndez and Agustín Cabria Ramos

Discussion and comments
by Martijn van Leusen

Dr. Victorino Mayoral Herrera

Victorino Mayoral Herrera (Madrid, 1970; PhD, 2001, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain). Staff Scientist at the Instituto de Arqueología-Mérida (Merida Institute of Archaeology) (IAM), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Spanish National Research Council) (CSIC) in Spain. Before joining the IAM, he developed his career at the Complutense University of Madrid and in the Heritage Administration of the Autonomous Region of Extremadura.

read more

Dr. César Parcero-Oubiña

César Parcero-Oubiña (Santiago de Compostela, 1969; PhD, 2001, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain). Staff Scientist at the Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio (Institute of Heritage Sciences) (Incipit), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Spanish National Research Council) (CSIC) in Spain. Before joining the Incipit, he developed his career at the University of Santiago de Compostela.

read more

Pastor Fábrega-Álvarez MA

Pastor Fábrega-Álvarez (Ourense, 1978; MA, 2003, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain). Technical staff member at the Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio (Institute of Heritage Sciences) (Incipit), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Spanish National Research Council) (CSIC) in Spain. His fields of interest are the design of methodologies for analyzing and managing archaeological heritage from a geographic and landscape perspective.

read more









© 2016 Sidestone Press      KvK nr. 28114891