Exorcism, illness and demons in an ancient Near Eastern context

The Egyptian magical Papyrus Leiden I 343 + 345

Susanne Beck | 2018

Exorcism, illness and demons in an ancient Near Eastern context

The Egyptian magical Papyrus Leiden I 343 + 345

Susanne Beck | 2018

ISBN: 9789088905391

Imprint: Sidestone Press | Format: 210x280mm | 217 pp. | Papers on Archaeology of the Leiden Museum of Antiquities 18 | Series: PALMA | Language: English | 69 illus. (bw) | 55 illus. (fc) | Category: Egyptology, ancient Egypt, ancient texts, papyrus, hieroglyphics | download cover

Papyrus Leiden I 343 + 345 is one of the most extraordinary manuscripts providing a deeper insight into magic and medicine in Ancient Egypt.

The main part of the papyrus deals with the ancient Near Eastern disease demon Sāmānu, who is well known from Sumerian and Akkadian incantations and medical texts. In addition, a broad range of other conjurations and spells against any pain and feet swelling are included. The papyrus also contains two curious spells dealing with ‘falling water from the sky’.

Eight out of fourteen incantations against the demon Sāmānu were incorporated twice in this papyrus. The texts are not only presented as parallel text edition but also with photographs of the papyrus. This re-edition of papyrus Leiden I 343 + 345 is a revised transliteration, transcription, translation and up-to-date commentary.

I Introduction

1 Origin and date
2 Bibliography
3 Description of the manuscript
4 Reconstruction of the papyrus in its original form
5 Content
6 Language and grammar
7 Importance of the text

II Text with transliteration, translation and commentary

1 Incantation 1 (R:I1–I4/V:II4–II10)
2 Incantation 2 (R:I4–III2/V:III1–IV8)
3 Incantation 3 (R:III2–IV9/V:V8–VII5)
4 Incantation 4 (R:IV9–VI2/V:VII5–VIII12)
5 Incantation 5 (R:VI2–VIII9/V:XI, XII, XIII)
6 Incantation 6 (R:VIII10–X9/V:XIV, XV)
7 Incantation 7 (R:X9–XI1/V:XVI1–2)
8 Incantation 8 (R:XI2–14/V:XVII)
9 Fragments recto (R:XII–XXII1)
10 Incantation 9 (R:XXII1+x+1–2)
11 Fragments recto (R: XXIIIx+1–XXV1+ x+2)
12 Conjuration 1 and remedies 1–4 (R:XXV1+x+2–XXVI12)
13 Conjuration 2–3 (R:XXVI12–XXVIII5)
14 Incantation 10 (V:I1–8)
15 Incantation 11 (V:I8–II3)
16 Incantation 12 (V:IV9–V8)
17 Incantation 13 (V:IX1–X2)
18 Fragments verso (V:XVIII1–XXI3)
19 Incantation 14 (V:XXII1–3)
20 Conjuration 4 (V:XXII3–4)
21 Conjurations 5 and 6 (?) (V:XXIII1–XXIV6)
22 Spells 1–3 (V:XXV)

Appendix I: Glossary
Appendix II: Present appearance of the papyrus
Abbreviations
Bibliography
Indices
Sketch of Papyrus Leiden I 343 + I 345
Plates

Dr. Susanne Beck

Dr. Beck held the position of the assistant professor at the LMU in Munich (summer semester 2015). In 2015 she became the curator of the Egyptian Collection of the University of Tuebingen, Germany.

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Abstract:

Papyrus Leiden I 343 + 345 is one of the most extraordinary manuscripts providing a deeper insight into magic and medicine in Ancient Egypt.

The main part of the papyrus deals with the ancient Near Eastern disease demon Sāmānu, who is well known from Sumerian and Akkadian incantations and medical texts. In addition, a broad range of other conjurations and spells against any pain and feet swelling are included. The papyrus also contains two curious spells dealing with ‘falling water from the sky’.

Eight out of fourteen incantations against the demon Sāmānu were incorporated twice in this papyrus. The texts are not only presented as parallel text edition but also with photographs of the papyrus. This re-edition of papyrus Leiden I 343 + 345 is a revised transliteration, transcription, translation and up-to-date commentary.

Contents

I Introduction

1 Origin and date
2 Bibliography
3 Description of the manuscript
4 Reconstruction of the papyrus in its original form
5 Content
6 Language and grammar
7 Importance of the text

II Text with transliteration, translation and commentary

1 Incantation 1 (R:I1–I4/V:II4–II10)
2 Incantation 2 (R:I4–III2/V:III1–IV8)
3 Incantation 3 (R:III2–IV9/V:V8–VII5)
4 Incantation 4 (R:IV9–VI2/V:VII5–VIII12)
5 Incantation 5 (R:VI2–VIII9/V:XI, XII, XIII)
6 Incantation 6 (R:VIII10–X9/V:XIV, XV)
7 Incantation 7 (R:X9–XI1/V:XVI1–2)
8 Incantation 8 (R:XI2–14/V:XVII)
9 Fragments recto (R:XII–XXII1)
10 Incantation 9 (R:XXII1+x+1–2)
11 Fragments recto (R: XXIIIx+1–XXV1+ x+2)
12 Conjuration 1 and remedies 1–4 (R:XXV1+x+2–XXVI12)
13 Conjuration 2–3 (R:XXVI12–XXVIII5)
14 Incantation 10 (V:I1–8)
15 Incantation 11 (V:I8–II3)
16 Incantation 12 (V:IV9–V8)
17 Incantation 13 (V:IX1–X2)
18 Fragments verso (V:XVIII1–XXI3)
19 Incantation 14 (V:XXII1–3)
20 Conjuration 4 (V:XXII3–4)
21 Conjurations 5 and 6 (?) (V:XXIII1–XXIV6)
22 Spells 1–3 (V:XXV)

Appendix I: Glossary
Appendix II: Present appearance of the papyrus
Abbreviations
Bibliography
Indices
Sketch of Papyrus Leiden I 343 + I 345
Plates

Dr. Susanne Beck

Dr. Beck held the position of the assistant professor at the LMU in Munich (summer semester 2015). In 2015 she became the curator of the Egyptian Collection of the University of Tuebingen, Germany.

read more









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