Hayonim Cave

From the Early to the Middle Palaeolithic in the Levant (Israel)

Edited by Liliane Meignen & Ofer Bar-Yosef | 2024

Hayonim Cave

From the Early to the Middle Palaeolithic in the Levant (Israel)

Edited by Liliane Meignen & Ofer Bar-Yosef | 2024


Paperback ISBN: 9789464261851 | Hardback ISBN: 9789464261868 | Imprint: Sidestone Press | Format: 210x280mm | 306 pp. | Language: English | 51 illus. (bw) | 82 illus. (fc) | Keywords: cave; Palaeolithic archaeology; early human behavior; lithic technology; taphonomy; pyrotechnology; geoarchaeology; site formation processes; zooarchaeology | download cover | DOI: 10.59641/i8d53db9

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The research presented in this book results from an international interdisciplinary research program in Hayonim cave (Israel) from 1992 to 2000, directed by Prof O. Bar-Yosef (Harvard University) and L. Meignen (CNRS, France), and focusing on a long archaeological sequence dated to circa 300-140 000 years ago. The intensive fieldwork and research following it allowed us to document an essential period of human history in the Levant: the end of the Lower Palaeolithic and Early Middle Palaeolithic, during which recent discoveries showed that the early H. sapiens, expanding out of Africa, reached SW Asia around 180-190 000 y ago.

This book brings together the impressive findings of nine years of excavations and analysis by an interdisciplinary team of well-known scholars from US universities (Harvard, Boston, University of Arizona), Weizmann Institute (Israel) as well as from the French CNRS.

Several complementary approaches are implemented to understand early human economic, cultural and behavioral changes observed at this crucial period. It is based on detailed studies of lithic artifact technology, the remains of systematic fire use and cave occupation by early humans, and foraging strategies that include the early development of human adaptations for hunting large prey. In the context of the highly debated cultural break observed at the end of the Lower Palaeolithic, we propose new interpretations based on these innovative results.

This volume will provide a cornerstone for the history of humankind in a critical geographic region, at the crossroads between Africa and Eurasia.



With contributions by Paul Goldberg , Mary C. Stiner & Steve Weiner.

Preface
L. Meignen O. Bar-Yosef

Chapter 1 – Introduction
Liliane Meignen, Ofer Bar-Yosef

Chapter 2 – Hayonim geology and stratigraphy
Paul Goldberg, Liliane Meignen, Steve Weiner, Ofer Bar-Yosef

Chapter 3 – Fire use, cave occupations by early Middle Palaeolithic Humans in Hayonim Cave
Liliane Meignen, Paul Goldberg

Chapter 4 – Faunal perspectives on carbonate preservation and hearth-centered activities during the Middle Palaeolithic in Hayonim Cave
Mary C. Stiner

Chapter 5- Hayonim Cave: Lithic assemblages, from the end of the Lower Palaeolithic to the Middle Palaeolithic
Liliane Meignen

Chapter 6- Technological, cultural and behavioral changes in the Levant from the Late Lower Palaeolithic to the mid-Middle Palaeolithic: Contribution from the Hayonim sequence
Liliane Meignen

Dr. Liliane Meignen

Liliane Meignen is a geologist and prehistorian by training. She received her Ph.D. in Prehistory/ Human Paleontology, in 1972, from the University of Paris VI (France). She joined the Centre Recherches Archéologiques (CRA)- CNRS in 1976 in Sophia-Antipolis (France). She is currently Director of research (emerita) at the CEPAM (Cultures et Environnements Préhistoire, Antiquité, Moyen Age), Université Côte d’Azur and French National Research Center (CNRS), in Nice (France).

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Prof. Dr. Ofer Bar-Yosef

Ofer Bar-Yosef was an Israeli archaeologist and Mac Curdy Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology in the Department of Anthropology at Harvard University. In his early days, he was Professor of Prehistory at the Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, before moving to the USA in 1980 for a long career at Harvard University. He was a member of several organizations, among them the National Academy of Sciences of the USA.

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Abstract:

The research presented in this book results from an international interdisciplinary research program in Hayonim cave (Israel) from 1992 to 2000, directed by Prof O. Bar-Yosef (Harvard University) and L. Meignen (CNRS, France), and focusing on a long archaeological sequence dated to circa 300-140 000 years ago. The intensive fieldwork and research following it allowed us to document an essential period of human history in the Levant: the end of the Lower Palaeolithic and Early Middle Palaeolithic, during which recent discoveries showed that the early H. sapiens, expanding out of Africa, reached SW Asia around 180-190 000 y ago.

This book brings together the impressive findings of nine years of excavations and analysis by an interdisciplinary team of well-known scholars from US universities (Harvard, Boston, University of Arizona), Weizmann Institute (Israel) as well as from the French CNRS.

Several complementary approaches are implemented to understand early human economic, cultural and behavioral changes observed at this crucial period. It is based on detailed studies of lithic artifact technology, the remains of systematic fire use and cave occupation by early humans, and foraging strategies that include the early development of human adaptations for hunting large prey. In the context of the highly debated cultural break observed at the end of the Lower Palaeolithic, we propose new interpretations based on these innovative results.

This volume will provide a cornerstone for the history of humankind in a critical geographic region, at the crossroads between Africa and Eurasia.



With contributions by Paul Goldberg , Mary C. Stiner & Steve Weiner.

Contents

Preface
L. Meignen O. Bar-Yosef

Chapter 1 – Introduction
Liliane Meignen, Ofer Bar-Yosef

Chapter 2 – Hayonim geology and stratigraphy
Paul Goldberg, Liliane Meignen, Steve Weiner, Ofer Bar-Yosef

Chapter 3 – Fire use, cave occupations by early Middle Palaeolithic Humans in Hayonim Cave
Liliane Meignen, Paul Goldberg

Chapter 4 – Faunal perspectives on carbonate preservation and hearth-centered activities during the Middle Palaeolithic in Hayonim Cave
Mary C. Stiner

Chapter 5- Hayonim Cave: Lithic assemblages, from the end of the Lower Palaeolithic to the Middle Palaeolithic
Liliane Meignen

Chapter 6- Technological, cultural and behavioral changes in the Levant from the Late Lower Palaeolithic to the mid-Middle Palaeolithic: Contribution from the Hayonim sequence
Liliane Meignen

Dr. Liliane Meignen

Liliane Meignen is a geologist and prehistorian by training. She received her Ph.D. in Prehistory/ Human Paleontology, in 1972, from the University of Paris VI (France). She joined the Centre Recherches Archéologiques (CRA)- CNRS in 1976 in Sophia-Antipolis (France). She is currently Director of research (emerita) at the CEPAM (Cultures et Environnements Préhistoire, Antiquité, Moyen Age), Université Côte d’Azur and French National Research Center (CNRS), in Nice (France).

read more

Prof. Dr. Ofer Bar-Yosef

Ofer Bar-Yosef was an Israeli archaeologist and Mac Curdy Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology in the Department of Anthropology at Harvard University. In his early days, he was Professor of Prehistory at the Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, before moving to the USA in 1980 for a long career at Harvard University. He was a member of several organizations, among them the National Academy of Sciences of the USA.

read more










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